Frédérique Léonard

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The capacity of EPCs to repair injured tissues is limited. The role of miRNAs in EPCs is largely unknown. We tested whether miRNAs may be useful to enhance the regenerative capacity of EPCs. Early EPCs were isolated from human PBMCs, and late EPCs were amplified from enriched human peripheral CD34(+) cells. Expression profiles of miRNAs and mRNAs were(More)
It is known from animal models that the cardioprotective nucleoside adenosine stimulates angiogenesis mainly through up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Since macrophages infiltrate the heart after infarction and because adenosine receptors behave differently across species, we evaluated the effect of adenosine on VEGF in human(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) represents a promising option to regenerate the heart after myocardial infarction, but is limited because of low recruitment and engraftment in the myocardium. Mobilization and migration of EPC are mainly controlled by stromal cell-derived factor 1α (SDF-1α) and its receptor CXCR4. We(More)
AIMS Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays an important role in ventricular remodelling after acute myocardial infarction (MI). The cardioprotectant adenosine (Ado) may be involved in ventricular remodelling. We have shown that Ado inhibits the secretion of MMP-9 by human neutrophils. This study investigated the effect of Ado on MMP-9 production by human(More)
VEGFR-1 (or Flt-1) exists under a sFlt-1 or a mFlt-1 form. sFlt-1 is antiangiogenic, and mFlt-1 is proangiogenic. The cardioprotective nucleoside Ado is proangiogenic, but its effects on Flt-1 are unknown and were tested in this study. In primary human macrophages from healthy volunteers, Ado inhibited sFlt-1 expression induced by LPS (-43%, P=0.006), HS,(More)
AIMS Circulating angiogenic cells (CAC) participate in cardiac repair. CAC recruitment to the ischaemic heart is mainly induced by the chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 (CXCR4)/stromal-cell derived factor-1α axis. However, CAC mobilization is only partly prevented by CXCR4 blockade, indicating that other mechanisms are involved. Since the expression of(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been implicated in different processes crucial to vasculature repair, which may offer the basis for new therapeutic strategies in cardiovascular disease. Despite advances facilitated by functional genomics, there is a lack of systems-level understanding of treatment response mechanisms of EPCs. In this research we(More)
Recent evidence suggests that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is not only involved in innate immunity but is also an important mediator of adverse left ventricular remodeling and heart failure following acute myocardial infarction (MI). TLR4 is activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) but also by products of matrix degradation such as hyaluronic acid and heparan(More)
We investigated an algorithmic approach to modelling angiogenesis controlled by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the anti-angiogenic soluble VEGF receptor 1 (sVEGFR-1) and adenosine (Ado). We explored its feasibility to test angiogenesis-relevant hypotheses. We illustrated its potential to investigate the role of Ado as an angiogenesis modulator(More)
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