Frédéric Tournier

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Centrin protein is an ubiquitously expressed cytoskeletal component and is a member of the EF-hand superfamily of calcium-binding proteins. It was first discovered in the flagellar apparatus of unicellular green algae where it is involved in contraction of Ca(2+)-sensitive structures. Centrin protein is associated with centrosome-related structures such as(More)
In animal models of asthma, interleukin-13 (IL-13) induces goblet cell metaplasia, eosinophil infiltration of the bronchial mucosa, and bronchial hyperreactivity, but the basis of its effects on airway epithelia remain unknown. Lesions of the epithelial barrier, frequently observed in asthma and other chronic lung inflammatory diseases, are repaired through(More)
Suppressor of fused, Su(fu), was identified as a semi-dominant suppressor of the putative serine/threonine kinase encoded by the segment polarity gene fused in Drosophila melanogaster. The amorphic Su(fu) mutation is viable, shows a maternal effect and displays no phenotype by itself. Su(fu) mutations are often found associated to karmoisin (kar) mutations(More)
Centrosomes from calf thymocytes were isolated using a simple preparative procedure that provides large yields of free organelles. A comparative study with centrosomes isolated from human cultured lymphoblasts has led to the discovery of important differences in the structure of the two isolates and in their capacity to nucleate microtubules from purified(More)
Tubulins are the major proteins within centriolar and axonemal structures. In all cell types studied so far, numerous alpha- and beta-tubulin isoforms are generated both by expression of a multigenic family and various post-translational modifications. We have developed a primary culture of human nasal epithelial cells where the ciliated cell(More)
CONCLUSIONS Nasal epithelial cells are constitutively equipped with all Toll-like receptors (TLRs) which are essential for innate immunity. Both mRNA and protein levels of TLR3 expression increased in more differentiated nasal epithelial cells. Considering that the ligand for TLR3 is viral dsRNA, this result is in good accordance with previous reports(More)
A major innate immune response to inhaled conidia of the opportunistic pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus (Af) is the synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which include tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, a known inducer of apoptosis. Modulation of host cell apoptosis has been reported to be one of the mechanisms whereby pathogens overcome host cell(More)
Heterologous centrosomes from diversed species including humans promote egg cleavage when injected into metaphase-arrested Xenopus eggs. We have recently isolated centrosomes from calf thymocytes and shown that they were unable to induce egg cleavage, an inability that was apparently correlated with the peculiar structure of these centrosomes rather than(More)
Sinefungin is an antibiotic possessing a strong anti-leishmanial activity. Among the most important effects of this molecule on Leishmania donovani promastigotes are morphological modifications and a very rapid and effective inhibition of DNA synthesis. These cells contain a single DNA-rich mitochondrion whose division cycle is coordinated with the nuclear(More)
Remodeling of the airways, as occurs in asthmatic patients, is associated with the continual presence of inflammatory mediators and Th2 cytokines, especially interleukin (IL)-13, during cycles of epithelial injury and repair. In this study, we examined the effect of IL-13 on well-differentiated normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells maintained in(More)