Frédéric Pignon

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The stability and mechanism underlying the formation of deposits of casein micelles during ultrafiltration process were investigated by small-angle and ultra small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS and USAXS). The casein micelle dispersions consisted of phospho-caseinate model powders and the measurements probed length scales ranging from 1 to 2000 nm.(More)
Casein micelles are colloidal protein-calcium-transport complexes whose structure has not been unequivocally elucidated. This study used small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and ultrasmall angle x-ray scattering (USAXS) as well as cryo transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) to provide fine structural details on their structure. Cryo-TEM observations of(More)
Laponite dispersions in water, at moderate ionic strength and high pH, are thixotropic: depending on previous history, they can be fluids or gels. The mechanisms of the fluid-gel and gel-fluid transitions have been examined through ionic analysis of the aqueous phase, static light, and small-angle neutron scattering, rheological experiments, and(More)
Microstructure and rheological properties of a thermally reversible short-ranged attractive colloidal system are studied in the vicinity of the attractive glass transition line. At high volume fractions, the static structure factor changes very little but the low frequency shear moduli varies over several orders of magnitude across the transition. From the(More)
This paper aims to illustrate the interest of ultrasound technology as an efficient technique for both heat and mass transfer intensification. It is demonstrated that the use of ultrasound results in an increase of heat exchanger performances and in a possible fouling monitoring in heat exchangers. Mass transfer intensification was observed in the case of(More)
This review covers the preparation, characterization, properties, and applications of methylcelluloses (MC). In particular, the influence of different chemical modifications of cellulose (under both heterogeneous and homogeneous conditions) is discussed in relation to the physical properties (solubility, gelation) of the methylcelluloses. The molecular(More)
This study investigates for the first time the behaviors of starch and cellulose nanocrystals (SNC and CNC) suspensions which are simultaneously subjected to pressure, shear flow and ultrasound (US) during cross-flow ultrafiltration. This multi-forces process was characterized from macro-scales to nano-scales, with a custom designed "SAXS Cross-Flow(More)
Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) are produced and commonly used in the form of aqueous suspensions or gels. A number of studies have focused lately on rheological properties of CNF suspensions, which gives insight into properties of such materials and can reflect their behavior during handling. This Review summarizes the recent progress in rheological studies(More)
We used an optical tweezer to investigate the adhesion of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae onto a glass substrate at the initial contact. Micromanipulation of free-living objects with single-beam gradient optical trap enabled to highlight mechanisms involved in this initial contact. As a function of the ionic strength and with a displacement parallel to the(More)
The gelation of methylcellulose in water has been studied by X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy, electrophoresis and rheological measurements by looking into the dynamics of silica nanoparticles as tracers in the polymer matrix. The temperature and scattering vector dependence of the structural relaxation time is investigated at the nanometric length(More)