Frédéric Picou

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Thyroid hormones (TH, including the prohormone thyroxine (T4) and its active deiodinated derivative 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3)) are important regulators of vertebrates neurodevelopment. Specific transporters and deiodinases are required to ensure T3 access to the developing brain. T3 activates a number of differentiation processes in neuronal and glial(More)
Thyroid hormone (T(3)) can trigger a massive differentiation of cultured oligodendrocytes precursor cells (OPC) by binding the nuclear T(3) receptor α1 (TRα1). Whether this reflects a physiological function of TRα1 remains uncertain. Using a recently generated mouse model, in which CRE/loxP recombination is used to block its function, we show that TRα1 acts(More)
Thyroid hormone is necessary for normal development of the central nervous system, as shown by the severe mental retardation syndrome affecting hypothyroid patients with low levels of active thyroid hormone. The postnatal defects observed in hypothyroid mouse cerebellum are recapitulated in mice heterozygous for a dominant-negative mutation of Thra, the(More)
Thyroid hormone deficiency is known to deeply affect cerebellum post-natal development. We present here a detailed analysis of the phenotype of a recently generated mouse model, expressing a dominant-negative TRα1 mutation. Although hormonal level is not affected, the cerebellum of these mice displays profound alterations in neuronal and glial(More)
Thyroid hormone (T3) has a major influence on cerebellum post-natal development. The major phenotypic landmark of exposure to low levels of T3 during development (hypothyroidism) in the cerebellum is the retarded inward migration of the most numerous cell type, granular neurons. In order to identify the direct genetic regulation exerted by T3 on cerebellar(More)
T3, the active form of thyroid hormone, binds nuclear receptors that regulate the transcription of a large number of genes in many cell types. Unraveling the direct and indirect effect of this hormonal stimulation, and establishing links between these molecular events and the developmental and physiological functions of the hormone, is a major challenge.(More)
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