Frédéric Petit

Learn More
Human mature erythrocytes have been considered as unable to undergo programmed cell death (PCD), due to their lack of mitochondria, nucleus and other organelles, and to the finding that they survive two conditions that induce PCD in vitro in all human nucleated cells, treatment with staurosporine and serum deprivation. Here we report that mature(More)
Some of the most potent antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive agents are synthetic glucocorticoids. However, major side effects severely limit their therapeutic use. The development of improved glucocorticoid-based drugs will require the separation of beneficial from deleterious effects. One possibility toward this goal is to try to dissociate two main(More)
Studies of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and nonhuman primate models of pathogenic and nonpathogenic simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infections have suggested that enhanced ex vivo CD4 T-cell death is a feature of pathogenic infection in vivo. However, the relative contributions of the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways to programmed T-cell death in(More)
Primary CD4(+) T lymphocytes, supporting in vitro human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication, are destined to die by apoptosis. We explored the initial molecular events that act upstream from mitochondrial dysfunction in CD4(+) T lymphocytes exposed to the HIV-1(LAI) strain. We tracked by immunofluorescence the cells expressing the p24 viral(More)
Immunological and virological events that occur during the earliest stages of HIV-1 infection are now considered to have a major impact on subsequent disease progression. We observed changes in the frequencies of CD8(bright) T cells expressing different chemokine receptors in the peripheral blood and lymph nodes of rhesus macaques during the acute phase of(More)
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of rhesus macaques (RMs) provides a reliable model to study the relationship between lentivirus replication, cellular immune responses, and CD4+ T-cell dynamics. Here we investigated, using SIVmac251-infected RMs of a Chinese genetic background (which experience a slower disease progression than Indian RMs), the(More)
We have explored in vitro the mechanism by which human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) induces cell death of primary CD4+ T cells in conditions of productive infection. Although HIV-1 infection primed phytohemagglutinin-activated CD4+ T cells for death induced by anti-CD95 antibody, T cell death was not prevented by a CD95-Fc decoy receptor, nor by(More)
Poliovirus (PV) is the causal agent of paralytic poliomyelitis, a disease that involves the destruction of motor neurons associated with PV replication. In PV-infected mice, motor neurons die through an apoptotic process. However, mechanisms by which PV induces cell death in neuronal cells remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that PV infection of neuronal(More)
It is now well admitted that HIV infection leading to AIDS is associated with an abnormal susceptibility of T cells to undergo apoptosis. Recent progress in research into programmed cell death has resulted in the identification of the principal pathways involved in this process. Thus the "extrinsic" as well as the "intrinsic" pathways converge to the(More)
There is evidence from bone marrow transplantation that T cells may be involved in the immunologic control of leukemia. But many patients relapse despite a potent graft-versus-leukemia effect mediated by allogeneic T cells. The expression of the FasL protein has been suggested as a mechanism of tumor immune escape. We, therefore, evaluated the capacity of(More)