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UNLABELLED This study determined the influence of trabecular bone microstructure and material properties on QUS parameters using numerical simulations coupled with high-resolution synchrotron radiation microCT. INTRODUCTION Finite-difference time domain (FDTD) simulations coupled to 3D microstructural models of trabecular bone reconstructed from(More)
Our goal was to evaluate the frequency dependence of the ultrasonic attenuation coefficient in cancellous bone. Estimates were obtained in immersion, using a substitution method in the through-transmit mode, by scanning 14 human bone specimens (calcaneus). Measurements were performed with three pairs of focused transducers with a center frequency of 0.5,(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV) shows promise for spatial control and acceleration of thermal lesion production. The investigators hypothesized that microbubbles generated by ADV could enhance high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) thermal ablation by controlling and increasing local energy absorption. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Thirty-eight slices of pure trabecular bone 1-cm thickness were extracted from human proximal femurs. A pair of 1-MHz central frequency transducers was used to measure quantitative ultrasound (QUS) parameters in transmission [normalized broadband ultrasound attenuation (nBUA), speed of sound (SOS)] and in backscatter [broadband ultrasound backscatter(More)
The aim was to evaluate a new ultrasound device in a young adult population and to assess its reproducibility via comparison to DXA measurements and geometrical measurements from high-resolution radiographs. Ninety-three subjects aged between 20 and 51 years were recruited and divided into four groups according to their gender and physical activity status:(More)
The ultrasonic wave propagation of fast and slow waves was investigated in vitro in 35 cubic cancellous bone specimens extracted from human femoral heads. Measurements were performed in three orthogonal directions using home-made PVDF transducers excited by a single sinusoidal wave at 1 MHz. The apparent density of the specimens was measured. Two separated(More)
New sterilization methods for human bone allografts may lead to alterations in bone mechanical properties, which strongly influence short- and medium-term outcomes. In many sterilization procedures, bone allografts are subjected to gamma irradiation, usually with 25 KGy, after treatment and packaging. We used speed-of-sound (SOS) measurements to evaluate(More)
Numerical simulation of wave propagation is performed through 31 3D volumes of trabecular bone. These volumes were reconstructed from high synchrotron microtomography experiments and are used as the input geometry in a simulation software developed in our laboratory. The simulation algorithm accounts for propagation into both the saturating fluid and bone(More)
Three-dimensional numerical simulations of ultrasound transmission were performed through 31 trabecular bone samples measured by synchrotron microtomography. The synchrotron microtomography provided high resolution 3D mappings of bone structures, which were used as the input geometry in the simulation software developed in our laboratory. While absorption(More)
Numerous studies have shown that ultrasonic velocity measured in bone provides a good assessment of osteoporotic fracture risk. However, a lack of standardization of signal processing techniques used to compute the speed of sound (SOS) complicates the comparison between data obtained with different commercial devices. In this study, 38 intact femurs were(More)