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UNLABELLED This study determined the influence of trabecular bone microstructure and material properties on QUS parameters using numerical simulations coupled with high-resolution synchrotron radiation microCT. INTRODUCTION Finite-difference time domain (FDTD) simulations coupled to 3D microstructural models of trabecular bone reconstructed from(More)
Our goal was to evaluate the frequency dependence of the ultrasonic attenuation coefficient in cancellous bone. Estimates were obtained in immersion, using a substitution method in the through-transmit mode, by scanning 14 human bone specimens (calcaneus). Measurements were performed with three pairs of focused transducers with a center frequency of 0.5,(More)
Quantitative ultrasound has been recognized as a useful tool for fracture risk prediction. Current measurement techniques are limited to peripheral skeletal sites. Our objective was to demonstrate the in vitro feasibility of ultrasonic velocity measurements on human proximal femur and to investigate the relationship between velocity and bone mineral density(More)
Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurements at peripheral sites can be used to estimate osteoporotic fracture risk. However, measurements at these sites are less suitable to predict bone mineral density (BMD) or fracture risk at the central skeleton. We investigated whether direct QUS measurements at the femur would allow to estimate dual X-ray(More)
In vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated the positive role that ultrasound can play in the enhancement of fracture healing or in the reactivation of a failed healing process. We review the several options available for the use of ultrasound in this context, either to induce a direct physical effect (LIPUS, shock waves), to deliver bioactive molecules(More)
The goal of this study was to propose a model for the ultrasonic frequency-dependent backscatter coefficient in cancellous bone. This model allows us to address the inverse problem and to predict the mean trabecular thickness. A weak scattering model is used and the backscatter coefficient is expressed in terms of an autocorrelation function of the medium.(More)
Three-dimensional numerical simulations of ultrasound transmission were performed through 31 trabecular bone samples measured by synchrotron microtomography. The synchrotron microtomography provided high resolution 3D mappings of bone structures, which were used as the input geometry in the simulation software developed in our laboratory. While absorption(More)
Numerical simulation of wave propagation is performed through 31 3D volumes of trabecular bone. These volumes were reconstructed from high synchrotron microtomography experiments and are used as the input geometry in a simulation software developed in our laboratory. The simulation algorithm accounts for propagation into both the saturating fluid and bone(More)
The aim was to evaluate a new ultrasound device in a young adult population and to assess its reproducibility via comparison to DXA measurements and geometrical measurements from high-resolution radiographs. Ninety-three subjects aged between 20 and 51 years were recruited and divided into four groups according to their gender and physical activity status:(More)
Thirty-eight slices of pure trabecular bone 1-cm thickness were extracted from human proximal femurs. A pair of 1-MHz central frequency transducers was used to measure quantitative ultrasound (QUS) parameters in transmission [normalized broadband ultrasound attenuation (nBUA), speed of sound (SOS)] and in backscatter [broadband ultrasound backscatter(More)