Frédéric Noé

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OBJECTIVES This study examined the postural performance of two groups of male skiers competing at different levels and the consequences on postural control of the suppression of visual afferences by eye closure. METHODS Seven national level (NAT) skiers and 7 regional level (REG) skiers were asked to stand as still as possible on a force platform with(More)
This work analyzes the postural performance and the use of visual information in soccer players according to their level of competition. Two groups of healthy soccer players were investigated at the mid-competition season: an amateur (AM) (n=15) group composed of regional-level players and a professional group at a national level (PRO) (n=15). Posture was(More)
The different techniques and methods employed as well as the different quantitative and qualitative variables measured in order to objectify postural control are often chosen without taking into account the population studied, the objective of the postural test, and the environmental conditions. For these reasons, the aim of this review was to present and(More)
CONTEXT Sport training enhances the ability to use somatosensory and otolithic information, which improves postural capabilities. Postural changes are different according to the sport practiced, but few authors have analyzed subjects' postural performances to discriminate the expertise level among highly skilled athletes within a specific discipline. (More)
This study examined the effects of different types of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) programs on vertical jump performance. Twenty seven healthy trained male students in sports-sciences were recruited and randomized into three groups. The control group (C group, n = 8) did not perform NMES training. Two other groups underwent 3 training(More)
The present study investigates the mechanisms underlying changes in postural strategy that occur to compensate for mechanical ankle joint restrictions induced by wearing ski-boots during postural exercises. Fourteen experienced skiers were asked to stand as still as possible in a stable (STA) posture and in 2 postures with instability in the medio/lateral(More)
Electrical stimulation (ES) reverses the order of recruitment of motor units (MU) observed with voluntary muscular contraction (VOL) since under ES, large MU are recruited before small MU. The superimposition of ES onto VOL (superimposed technique: application of an electrical stimulus during a voluntary muscle action) can theoretically activate more motor(More)
  • F Noé
  • Journal of electromyography and kinesiology…
  • 2006
The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of initial postural constraint on the realisation of a leg release in a rock climbing task. Two conditions were tested: a vertical posture and an overhanging posture. The overhanging posture was characterised by a large sustentation base, which enhanced the mechanical possibilities of the system. Subjects(More)
With voluntary muscular contraction (VOL), small motor units (MUs) are recruited before large MUs are (a submaximal muscular contraction recruits only small MUs), whereas electrical stimulation (ES) tends to reverse the recruitment order. On the basis of this observation, some authors have tested the physiological effects of ES superimposed simultaneously(More)
This study examined situations where handles were used as additional postural supports. It aimed at determining the amplitude of centre of pressure (COP) shifts when considering or not the vertical handles reaction force. Eight healthy male subjects (24+/-6 years, body mass 65+/-5kg and height 175+/-7cm) voluntarily took part in the experiment. Subjects had(More)