Frédéric Leroy

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Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and conjugated linolenic acid (CLNA) isomers have attracted great interest because of their potential health benefits. Formation of CLA and CLNA takes place in the rumen during biohydrogenation. Several studies have indicated that certain types of intestinal bacteria, including bifidobacteria, are able to convert linoleic acid(More)
A semi-quantitative and non-invasive method for scoring embryos obtained after in-vitro fertilization (IVF) has been defined, aiming at selection of embryos before transfer and at prognostic evaluation of IVF trials. Grading of embryos observed on the inverted microscope was essentially based on the amount of anucleate fragments expelled during early(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the presence of a hydrosalpinx influences in-vitro fertilization (IVF) prognosis. Comparisons were made between 69 IVF cycles in 37 patients carrying hydrosalpinges (hydrosalpinx group) and 67 IVF cycles in 41 patients without tubes or surgically sterilized (control group). Twenty-two patients carrying(More)
Inulin-type fructans are not digested and reach the human colon intact, where they are selectively fermented by the colon microbiota, in particular bifidobacteria. As a result, they are converted, directly or indirectly, to short-chain fatty acids and other organic acids, as well as gases, and lead to both bifidogenic and butyrogenic health-promoting(More)
Starter cultures that initiate rapid acidification of the raw meat batter and that lead to a desirable sensory quality of the end-product are used for the production of fermented sausages. Recently, the use of new, functional starter cultures with an industrially or nutritionally important functionality is being explored. Functional starter cultures offer(More)
The aim of this work was to evaluate the relationship between follicular size at the time of oocyte retrieval, and the subsequent oocyte competence to be fertilized and to develop in vitro. All the obtained oocytes were classified according to the corresponding volume of aspirated follicular fluid. Aspirated volume of follicular fluid <2 ml corresponded to(More)
Due to their close proximity to the mammary gland tissue, the bacterial communities lining the teat apex of the udders from lactating cows influence udder health. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of the amplified V3 variable region of the 16S rRNA gene was used as a culture-independent method to reveal the bacterial composition of 48 samples(More)
Sourdough lactic acid bacteria (LAB) need to be adapted to a highly acidic and, therefore, challenging environment. Different mechanisms are employed to enhance competitiveness, among which conversion of arginine into ornithine through the arginine deiminase (ADI) pathway is an important one. A combined molecular and kinetic approach of the ADI pathway in(More)
A pathologic investigation was conducted on 100 placentas collected from pregnancies resulting from in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine embryo transfer (ET), including 70 singleton pregnancies, 20 twin pregnancies, and 10 multiple pregnancies complicated by the vanishing twin (VT) phenomenon (n = 5) or artificially reduced (n = 5). These results(More)
Bacteriocin production by Enterococcus faecium FAIR-E 198, isolated from Greek Feta cheese, was studied in batch fermentations, under conditions simulating Feta cheese preparation. Maximum enterocin activity and growth rate was obtained in de Man-Rogosa-Sharpe (MRS) broth at 37 degrees C with controlled pH 6.5. The enterocin was produced throughout the(More)