Frédéric Leduc

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A precise packaging of the paternal genome during spermiogenesis is essential for fertilization and embryogenesis. Most of the nucleosomal DNA supercoiling must be eliminated in elongating spermatids (ES), and transient DNA strand breaks are observed that facilitate the process. Topoisomerases have been considered as ideal candidates for the removal of DNA(More)
Within the sperm nucleus, the paternal genome remains functionally inert and protected following protamination. This is marked by a structural morphogenesis that is heralded by a striking reduction in nuclear volume. Despite these changes, both human and mouse spermatozoa maintain low levels of nucleosomes that appear non-randomly distributed throughout the(More)
The observation that PrP is present in the cytosol of some neurons and non-neuronal cells and that the N-terminal signal peptide is slightly inefficient has brought speculations concerning a possible function of the protein in the cytosol. Here, we show that cells expressing a cytosolic form of PrP termed cyPrP display a large juxtanuclear cytoplasmic RNA(More)
This paper reviews the possible origin of sperm DNA fragmentation and focuses on the nuclear events associated with spermiogenesis as a potential source of genetic instability and reduced fertilizing potential of the mature male gamete. Recent findings suggest a programmed DNA fragmentation and DNA damage response during the chromatin remodeling steps in(More)
We report a higher frequency of loss of heterozygosity at loci on the short arm of chromosome 3 in human epidermoid lung tumors than in other non-small cell lung tumors. This observation together with the already known involvement of the retinoids in the development of epidermoid metaplasia and neoplasia, especially in lung tissue, prompted us to(More)
Wood preserved with chromated copper arsenate (CCA) and alkaline copper quaternary (ACQ) was mixed with artificial rainwater, to generate leachates containing As, Cr and Cu. Then, leachates were applied to two soils at rates of 13-169 mg As kg(-1) soil (dry weight basis), 12-151 mg Cr kg(-1) and 10-216 mg Cu kg(-1). Metal bioavailability was evaluated after(More)
A gene bank was constructed from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and used to complement three P. aeruginosa elastase-deficient strains. One clone, pRF1, contained a gene which restored elastase production in two P. aeruginosa isolates deficient in elastase production (PA-E15 and PAO-E105). This gene also encoded production of elastase antigen and activity in(More)
At the sequence level, genetic diversity is provided by de novo transmittable mutations that may act as a substrate for natural selection. The gametogenesis process itself is considered more likely to induce endogenous mutations and a clear male bias has been demonstrated from recent next-generation sequencing analyses. As new experimental evidence(More)
Determination of cellular DNA damage has so far been limited to global assessment of genome integrity whereas nucleotide-level mapping has been restricted to specific loci by the use of specific primers. Therefore, only limited DNA sequences can be studied and novel regions of genomic instability can hardly be discovered. Using a well-characterized yeast(More)