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GABA(A) (γ-aminobutyric acid, type A) receptors are a family of ligand-gated ion channels that are essential for the regulation of central nervous system function. Benzodiazepines - which non-selectively target GABA(A) receptors containing the α1, α2, α3 or α5 subunits - have been in clinical use for decades and are still among the most widely prescribed(More)
We have identified two chemical series of compounds acting as selective positive allosteric modulators (enhancers) of native and recombinant metabotropic glutamate 1 (mGlu1) receptors. These compounds did not directly activate mGlu1 receptors but markedly potentiated agonist-stimulated responses, increasing potency and maximum efficacy. Binding of these(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As baclofen is active in patients with anxiety disorders, GABAB receptors have been implicated in the modulation of anxiety. To avoid the side effects of baclofen, allosteric enhancers of GABAB receptors have been studied to provide an alternative therapeutic avenue for modulation of GABAB receptors. The aim of this study was to(More)
1. The effects of the group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonists DCG-IV and LY354740 were examined in neurones freshly dissociated from the rat cerebellum and olfactory bulb, using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. 2. Under experimental conditions in which K+ currents would be inward, rapid application of DCG-IV and(More)
RATIONALE GABAA alpha5 subunit-containing receptors are primarily expressed in the hippocampus and their role in learning and memory has been demonstrated recently by both genetic and pharmacological approaches. OBJECTIVES The objective of the study is to evaluate the cognitive effects of a novel GABAA alpha5 receptor inverse agonist, RO4938581 in rats(More)
Down syndrome (DS) is associated with neurological complications, including cognitive deficits that lead to impairment in intellectual functioning. Increased GABA-mediated inhibition has been proposed as a mechanism underlying deficient cognition in the Ts65Dn (TS) mouse model of DS. We show that chronic treatment of these mice with RO4938581(More)
IMPORTANCE In schizophrenia, the severity of negative symptoms is a key predictor of long-term disability. Deficient signaling through the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor is hypothesized to underlie many signs and symptoms associated with schizophrenia in particular negative symptoms. Glycine acts as an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor coagonist. Blockade of the(More)
Orphanin FQ (OFQ) has recently been reported to be an endogenous ligand for the opioid-like LC132 receptor. The effect of OFQ on high voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) was examined in freshly dissociated rat pyramidal neurons using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. High-threshold Ba2+ currents were reversibly inhibited by OFQ.(More)
The amyloid-β lowering capacity of anti-Aβ antibodies has been demonstrated in transgenic models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in AD patients. While the mechanism of immunotherapeutic amyloid-β removal is controversial, antibody-mediated sequestration of peripheral Aβ versus microglial phagocytic activity and disassembly of cerebral amyloid (or a(More)
The gamma 3-subunit of the GABAA-receptor in rat brain has been identified by molecular cloning. When co-expressed with the alpha 5- and beta 2-subunits in transfected cells a high potency for GABA (Ka = 4.9 +/- 1.2 microM) and a strong cooperativity in gating the channel (H = 1.9 +/- 0.2) was observed. The GABA response was potentiated in the presence of(More)