Frédéric Knoflach

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GABA(A) (γ-aminobutyric acid, type A) receptors are a family of ligand-gated ion channels that are essential for the regulation of central nervous system function. Benzodiazepines - which non-selectively target GABA(A) receptors containing the α1, α2, α3 or α5 subunits - have been in clinical use for decades and are still among the most widely prescribed(More)
A model of the rmGlu1 seven-transmembrane domain complexed with a negative allosteric modulator, 1-ethyl-2-methyl-6-oxo-4-(1,2,4,5-tetrahydro-benzo[d]azepin-3-yl)- 1,6-dihydro-pyrimidine-5-carbonitrile (EM-TBPC) was constructed. Although the mGlu receptors belong to the family 3 G-protein-coupled receptors with a low primary sequence similarity to(More)
We have identified two chemical series of compounds acting as selective positive allosteric modulators (enhancers) of native and recombinant metabotropic glutamate 1 (mGlu1) receptors. These compounds did not directly activate mGlu1 receptors but markedly potentiated agonist-stimulated responses, increasing potency and maximum efficacy. Binding of these(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As baclofen is active in patients with anxiety disorders, GABAB receptors have been implicated in the modulation of anxiety. To avoid the side effects of baclofen, allosteric enhancers of GABAB receptors have been studied to provide an alternative therapeutic avenue for modulation of GABAB receptors. The aim of this study was to(More)
Vigilance, anxiety, epileptic activity, and muscle tone can be modulated by drugs acting at the benzodiazepine (BZ) site of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors. In vivo, BZ sites are potential targets for endogenous ligands regulating the corresponding central nervous system states. To assess the physiological relevance of BZ sites, mice were(More)
GABAA α5 subunit-containing receptors are primarily expressed in the hippocampus and their role in learning and memory has been demonstrated recently by both genetic and pharmacological approaches. The objective of the study is to evaluate the cognitive effects of a novel GABAA α5 receptor inverse agonist, RO4938581 in rats and monkeys. The in vitro profile(More)
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors are a family of G-protein-coupled receptors that play central roles as modulators of both glutamatergic and other major neurotransmitter systems in CNS. Using molecular modeling, site-directed mutagenesis, [(3)H]LY354740 binding, [(35)S]GTPgammaS binding, and activation of GIRK current, we have been able to identify(More)
1. The effects of the group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonists DCG-IV and LY354740 were examined in neurones freshly dissociated from the rat cerebellum and olfactory bulb, using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. 2. Under experimental conditions in which K+ currents would be inward, rapid application of DCG-IV and(More)
Orphanin FQ (OFQ) has recently been reported to be an endogenous ligand for the opioid-like LC132 receptor. The effect of OFQ on high voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) was examined in freshly dissociated rat pyramidal neurons using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. High-threshold Ba2+ currents were reversibly inhibited by OFQ.(More)
We characterized modulation of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-evoked responses of the diazepam-insensitive alpha 4 beta 2 gamma2 and alpha 6 beta 2 gamma 2 recombinant GABAA receptors. The partial agonist bretazenil potentiated the responses of both receptors with similar dose dependence but with a higher maximal enhancement at the alpha 4 beta 2 gamma(More)