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The bacterial community structure of a fluidized-bed reactor fed by vinasses (wine distillation waste) was analyzed. After PCR amplification, four small-subunit (SSU) rDNA clone libraries of Bacteria, Archaea, Procarya, and Eucarya populations were established. The community structure was determined by operational taxonomic unit (OTU) phylogenetic analyses(More)
Hypersaline effluents are produced by various industrial activities. Such wastewater, rich in both organic matter and salt (> 35 g l(-1)), is difficult to treat by conventional wastewater treatment processes. It is necessary to use halophilic bacteria. In this study, a bench-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was inoculated with halophilic sediments in(More)
Denitrification of a high-strength synthetic wastewater (150 g NO- 3 l-1) was carried out using a wine distillery effluent as an example of an industrial carbon source (22.7 g chemical oxygen demand l-1). Two configurations were tested: one consisted of an acidogenesis reactor followed by a denitrifying reactor and the other was a single reactor directly(More)
In anaerobic wastewater treatment systems, the complex microbial biomass including Archaea and Bacteria can be retained as a biofilm attached to solid supports. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of specific properties of support material on early microbial adhesion. Seven different substrata are described in terms of topography and surface(More)
In the context of biofuel production from marine microalgae, anaerobic digestion has the potential to make the process more sustainable and to increase energy efficiency. However, the use of salt-containing microalgae organic residues entails the presence of salts which inhibits methanogenesis. The search for suitable anaerobic microbial consortium adapted(More)
To evaluate the impact of the nature of the support material on its colonization by a methanogenic consortium, four substrata made of different materials: polyvinyl chloride, 2 polyethylene and polypropylene were tested during the start-up of lab-scale fixed-film reactors. The reactor performances were evaluated and compared together with the analysis of(More)
An anaerobic fixed bed reactor, filled with small floating supports of polyethylene material (Bioflow 30) as inert media, was operated for 6 months to treat vinasse (wine residue after distillation). Bioflow 30 has a density of 0.93 and a specific area of 320 m2/m3. The experimental results showed that the efficiency of the reactor in removal of soluble COD(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the bacterial adhesion under different wall shear stresses in turbulent flow and using a diverse bacterial consortium. A better understanding of the mechanisms governing microbial adhesion can be useful in diverse domains such as industrial processes, medical fields or environmental biotechnologies. The impact(More)
Molecular inventory of an anaerobic digestion microbial ecosystem. The bacterial community structure of a fluidised bed reactor fed by vinasses was analysed by molecular identification. After polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, three 16S ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid (rDNA) clone libraries of Bacteria, Archaea and Procarya populations were(More)
Agro-industries are facing many economic and environmental problems associated with seasonal generation of liquid and solid waste. In order to reduce treatment costs and to cope with seasonal variation, we have developed a hybrid anaerobic reactor operated sequentially by using lignocellulosic biomass (LB) as biofilm carrier support. Six LBs were tested to(More)