Frédéric Faugeras

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OBJECTIVE Probing consciousness in noncommunicating patients is a major medical and neuroscientific challenge. While standardized and expert behavioral assessment of patients constitutes a mandatory step, this clinical evaluation stage is often difficult and doubtful, and calls for complementary measures which may overcome its inherent limitations. Several(More)
In recent years, numerous electrophysiological signatures of consciousness have been proposed. Here, we perform a systematic analysis of these electroencephalography markers by quantifying their efficiency in differentiating patients in a vegetative state from those in a minimally conscious or conscious state. Capitalizing on a review of previous(More)
Neuronal theories of conscious access tentatively relate conscious perception to the integration and global broadcasting of information across distant cortical and thalamic areas. Experiments contrasting visible and invisible stimuli support this view and suggest that global neuronal communication may be detectable using scalp electroencephalography (EEG).(More)
Detecting residual consciousness in unresponsive patients is a major clinical concern and a challenge for theoretical neuroscience. To tackle this issue, we recently designed a paradigm that dissociates two electro-encephalographic (EEG) responses to auditory novelty. Whereas a local change in pitch automatically elicits a mismatch negativity (MMN), a(More)
Improving our ability to detect conscious processing in non communicating patients remains a major goal of clinical cognitive neurosciences. In this perspective, several functional brain imaging tools are currently under development. Bedside cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) derived from the EEG signal are a good candidate to explore consciousness(More)
Our ability to identify covert cognitive abilities in non-communicating patients is of prime importance to improve diagnosis, to guide therapeutic decisions and to better predict their cognitive outcome. In the present study, we used a basic and rigorous paradigm contrasting pairs of words orthogonally. This paradigm enables the probing of semantic(More)
The aim of the study was to determine if bedside caloric vestibulo-ocular responses (VOR) are able to predict consciousness recovery from clinically determined vegetative state (VS) in the ICU. Twenty-six severely brain injured patients that were clinically in VS were included. Horizontal VOR were tested at bedside by cold-water irrigation of the external(More)
1 AP-HP, Groupe hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Department of Neurology, Paris, France 2 AP-HP, Groupe hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Department of Neurophysiology, Paris, France 3 INSERM, U 1127, F-75013, Paris, France 4 Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière, ICM, PICNIC Lab, F-75013, Paris, France 5 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, Faculté(More)
The use of cognitive evoked potentials in EEG is now part of the routine evaluation of non-communicating patients with disorders of consciousness in several specialized medical centers around the world. They typically focus on one or two cognitive markers, such as the mismatch negativity or the P3 to global auditory regularity. However it has become clear(More)
Engagement of various forms of attention and response preparation determines behavioral performance during stimulus-response tasks. Many studies explored the respective properties and neural signatures of each of these processes. However, very few experiments were conceived to explore their interaction. In the present work we used an auditory target(More)