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The reelin gene encodes an extracellular protein that is crucial for neuronal migration in laminated brain regions. To gain insights into the functions of Reelin, we performed high-resolution in situ hybridization analyses to determine the pattern of reelin expression in the developing forebrain of the mouse. We also performed double-labeling studies with(More)
During their circumferential migration, the nuclei of inferior olivary neurons translocate within their axons until they reach the floor plate where they stop, although their axons have already crossed the midline to project to the contralateral cerebellum. Signals released by the floor plate, including netrin-1, have been implicated in promoting axonal(More)
It has been shown previously that in the chick embryo the cell adhesion molecule BEN/SC1/DM-GRASP is expressed by neurons in the inferior olive (IO) and by their terminal axonal arbors in the cerebellar cortex, the climbing fibers (Porquié et al., 1992b). Here, new information on the expression of BEN during the formation of the olivocerebellar projection(More)
UNLABELLED During chronic liver disease, tissue remodeling leads to dramatic changes and accumulation of matrix components. Matrix metalloproteases and their inhibitors have been involved in the regulation of matrix degradation. However, the role of other proteases remains incompletely defined. We undertook a gene-expression screen of human liver fibrosis(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is involved in various processes such as cytochrome P450 (P450) 1A induction after xenobiotic exposure. It is also considered to play a major role in cell proliferation and differentiation. Recent evidences have suggested a cross-talk between AhR functions and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade. We now(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CIMPR) is overexpressed in hepatocytes during liver regeneration and has been implicated in the maturation of latent pro-transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta). In this study, we have: (1) kinetically characterized the changes in CIMPR expression in regenerating liver and cultured(More)
Inferior olivary neurons (ION) migrate circumferentially around the caudal rhombencephalon starting from the alar plate to locate ventrally close to the floor-plate, ipsilaterally to their site of proliferation. The floor-plate constitutes a source of diffusible factors. Among them, netrin-1 is implied in the survival and attraction of migrating ION in vivo(More)
UNLABELLED We investigated the specific role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (ERK1)/ERK2 pathway in the regulation of multiple cell cycles and long-term survival of normal hepatocytes. An early and sustained epidermal growth factor (EGF)-dependent MAPK activation greatly improved the potential of cell(More)
Aurora kinases belong to a conserved family of serine/threonine kinases key regulators of cell cycle progression. Aurora-A and Aurora-B are expressed in somatic cells and involved mainly in mitosis while Aurora-C is expressed during spermatogenesis and oogenesis and is involved in meiosis. Aurora-C is hardly detectable in normal somatic cells. However all(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Imaging of supramolecular structures by multiphoton microscopy offers significant advantages for studying specific fibrillar compounds in biological tissues. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate the relevance of Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) for assessing and quantifying, without staining, fibrillar collagen in liver fibrosis. (More)