Frédéric Duflo

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UNLABELLED We evaluated the circulating and lung oxidative status during general anesthesia established with propofol, sevoflurane, or desflurane in mechanically ventilated swine. Blood samples and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) specimens were respectively performed via an internal jugular vein catheter and a nonbronchoscopic BAL for baseline oxidative(More)
BACKGROUND Although the postanaesthesia care unit (PACU) can be noisy, the effect of noise on patients recovering from anaesthesia is unknown. We studied the sources and intensity of noise in the PACU and assessed its effect on patients' comfort. METHODS We measured noise in a five-bed PACU with a sound level meter. Noise levels were obtained using an(More)
BACKGROUND Previous pharmacologic and molecular studies suggest that the alpha(2)-adrenoceptor subtype A is the target for spinally administered alpha(2)-adrenergic agonists, i.e., clonidine, for pain relief. However, intrathecally administered alpha(2) C antisense oligodeoxynucleotide was recently reported to decrease antinociception induced by clonidine(More)
BACKGROUND A temporal pattern of the kinetics of local anesthetics is demonstrated in dental and skin anesthesia, with an important variation in the duration of action related to the hour of administration. The aim of this study is to determine whether the hour of injection influences the duration of epidurally administered ropivacaine during labor. (More)
Sevoflurane is widely used in anaesthetic protocols for patients undergoing surgical procedures. However, there are no reports on the influence of sepsis on minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane (MAC(SEV)) in animals or in humans. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that sepsis could alter the MAC(SEV) in a normotensive septic pig(More)
Nerve injury resulting in chronic pain is associated with novel excitatory effects of norepinephrine on injured peripheral nerve terminals and their cell bodies, due to actions on alpha2-adrenoceptors. Paradoxically, alpha2-adrenoceptor agonists administered near peripheral terminals or their cell bodies results in analgesia, not pain. This study tested,(More)
  • F Duflo, V Sautou-Miranda, +5 authors D Chassard
  • 2006
BACKGROUND Continuous regional analgesia (CRA) is considered a safe and efficacious technique for postoperative pain relief in children after lower limb surgery. We recently evaluated the feasibility of patient-controlled regional analgesia (PCRA) in a similar acute pain situation and we concluded that PCRA might be advantageous over CRA in terms of lower(More)
BACKGROUND A recent model of acute incisional pain has been characterized that strongly parallels the postoperative period in patients experiencing evoked pain. In that setting, abundant literature has revealed antihypersensitive effects produced by intrathecally administered alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonists, such as clonidine, in both animals and(More)
Intrathecal and epidural administration of the alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonist clonidine in humans results in analgesia to both acute nociceptive and chronic neuropathic pain. The potency of clonidine increases with hypersensitivity to mechanical stimuli after nerve injury, although the reasons for this change are unknown. In the present study, we tested(More)