Frédéric Duflo

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UNLABELLED We evaluated the circulating and lung oxidative status during general anesthesia established with propofol, sevoflurane, or desflurane in mechanically ventilated swine. Blood samples and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) specimens were respectively performed via an internal jugular vein catheter and a nonbronchoscopic BAL for baseline oxidative(More)
BACKGROUND Previous pharmacologic and molecular studies suggest that the alpha(2)-adrenoceptor subtype A is the target for spinally administered alpha(2)-adrenergic agonists, i.e., clonidine, for pain relief. However, intrathecally administered alpha(2) C antisense oligodeoxynucleotide was recently reported to decrease antinociception induced by clonidine(More)
Nerve injury resulting in chronic pain is associated with novel excitatory effects of norepinephrine on injured peripheral nerve terminals and their cell bodies, due to actions on alpha2-adrenoceptors. Paradoxically, alpha2-adrenoceptor agonists administered near peripheral terminals or their cell bodies results in analgesia, not pain. This study tested,(More)
BACKGROUND A recent model of acute incisional pain has been characterized that strongly parallels the postoperative period in patients experiencing evoked pain. In that setting, abundant literature has revealed antihypersensitive effects produced by intrathecally administered alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonists, such as clonidine, in both animals and(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies suggest that the alpha adrenoceptor subtype is the target for spinally administered alpha -adrenergic agonists, clonidine, for pain relief. However, ST 91, a preferential alpha adrenoceptor subtype agonist, induces antinociception, and intrathecally administered alpha antisense oligodeoxynucleotide decreases antinociception(More)
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