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The accompanying multivariate analysis of the binding profiles of antiparkinson agents revealed contrasting patterns of affinities at diverse classes of monoaminergic receptor. Herein, we characterized efficacies at human (h)D(2SHORT(S)), hD(2LONG(L)), hD(3), and hD(4.4) receptors and at halpha(2A)-, halpha(2B)-, halpha(2C)-, and halpha(1A)-adrenoceptors(More)
YKL-40 (cartilage gp-39), is a mammalian glycoprotein related in sequence to chitinases. Its function is unknown, but it is thought to be involved in tissue remodeling. Immunocytochemical staining of YKL-40 in guinea pig chondrocytes (GPC), rabbit chondrocytes (RC), and rabbit synoviocytes (RS) was higher in dividing cells than in confluent cells,(More)
OBJECTIVE Aggrecan is degraded by Aggrecanases (ADAMTS-4 and -5) and MMPs, which cleave its core protein at different sites. Transforming growth factor (TGF)beta is known to stimulate matrix formation in cartilage, and ADAMTS-4 production in synoviocytes. The aim of this in-vitro study was to examine the effects of TGFbeta on aggrecanase production in human(More)
OBJECTIVE To study cyclophilin B, a protein newly identified as a secretion product of cultured chondrocytes, in the context of chondrocyte pathobiology. METHODS Cyclophilin B was purified by sequential chromatographic processing of the secretion medium of cultured guinea pig chondrocytes. Its presence both at the surface of chondrocyte monolayers and in(More)
Although being largely used for pathobiological models of cartilage diseases such as osteoarthritis (OA), human chondrocytes are still enigmatic cells, in as much as a large part of their secretome is unknown. We took advantage of the recent development of antibody-based microarrays to study multiple protein expression by human chondrocytes obtained from(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Small-molecule glucokinase activators (GKAs) are currently being investigated as therapeutic options for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Because liver overexpression of glucokinase is thought to be associated with altered lipid profiles, this study aimed at assessing the potential lipogenic risks linked to oral GKA(More)
OBJECTIVE A new image analysis system was employed to quantify the main histological parameters reflecting osteoarthritic features, at the cartilage and bone levels, in the meniscectomized guinea pig model of osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS Meniscectomized (MNX) and sham-operated (SH) guinea pigs were studied 1 and 3 months after partial meniscectomy at the(More)
A classic method for the encapsulation and culture of chondrocytes in alginate beads is described. Chondrocytes are released from cartilage matrix by collagenase/dispase digestion and mixed with a solution of 1.25% alginic acid until a homogenous suspension is obtained. The suspension is drawn into a syringe and pushed gently through a needle, so that drops(More)
Since the proteome of osteoarthritic articular cartilage has been poorly investigated as yet, we adapted proteomic technologies to the study of the proteins secreted or released by fresh human osteoarthritic cartilage in culture. Fresh cartilage explants were obtained from three donors undergoing surgery for knee joint replacement. The explants were(More)
Osteoarthritis, a disease characterized by cartilage degradation, abnormal subchondral bone remodelling and some grade of inflammation, and sarcopenia, a condition of pathological muscle weakness associated with altered muscle mass, strength, and function, are prevalent disorders in elderly people. There is increasing evidence that decline in lower limb(More)