Frédéric Cumin

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OBJECTIVES Aliskiren is a new renin inhibitor of a novel structural class that has recently been shown to be efficacious in hypertensive patients after once-daily oral dosing. We report the results of animal experiments performed in marmosets and rats in order to characterize aliskiren before its recent investigation in humans. METHODS The effects of(More)
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as stroke, myocardial infarction, and heart failure, the leading causes of death in the Western world. Inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) have proven to be successful treatments for hypertension. As renin specifically catalyses the rate-limiting step of the RAS, it represents(More)
The recently discovered rat neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptor, the Y5 subtype, has been proposed to mediate the NPY-induced feeding response and therefore plays a central role in the regulation of food intake. These conclusions were based on studies with peptidic agonists. We now report studies in which phosphothioate end-protected antisense(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the selective angiotensin AT2 receptor ligands, CGP 42112B (Nic-Tyr-(N alpha-benzoyloxycarbonyl-Arg)Lys-His-Pro-Ile-OH) and PD 123319 ((s)-1-[[4-(dimethylamino)-3-methyl-phenyl]methyl]-5-(diphenylacetyl+ ++)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]-pyridine-6-carboxylic acid) are agonists at angiotensin(More)
This study was performed to test the hypothesis that the kidneys play a primary role in the clearance of endogenous leptin from the circulation. Lean male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized and subjected to various surgical manipulations of the kidneys. Sixty minutes after surgery arterial blood samples were taken at 1-h intervals for up to 8 h. Plasma(More)
Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) is a cytosolic protein expressed at high levels (up to 2% of cytosolic proteins) in the small intestine epithelium. Despite cell transfection studies, its function is still unclear. Indeed, different effects on fatty acid metabolism depending on the cell type and the amount of I-FABP expressed have been(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was performed to determine the pharmakocinetics of recombinant leptin in lean rats and to test the hypothesis that the kidneys play an important role in the clearance of leptin from the circulation. DESIGN 126I-leptin was administered by bolus intravenous injection. Blood samples were taken at various time points ranging from 1-180(More)
BACKGROUND The aspartic proteinase renin plays an important physiological role in the regulation of blood pressure. It catalyses the first step in the conversion of angiotensinogen to the hormone angiotensin II. In the past, potent peptide inhibitors of renin have been developed, but none of these compounds has made it to the end of clinical trials. Our(More)
The present study examines the effects of prolonged angiotensin II antagonism in spontaneously hypertensive rats by using an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (DuP 753) that is devoid of agonistic properties and selective for the subtype 1 of the angiotensin II (AT1) receptor. The antihypertensive effects of DuP 753 and its effects on circulating(More)
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to test the hypothesis that the kidneys play a primary role in the clearance of endogenous leptin from the circulation of obese rats. DESIGN: Zucker (fa/fa) obese rats were anaesthetized and subjected to various surgical manipulations of the kidneys. One hour after surgery arterial blood samples were taken at 1 h(More)