Frédéric Collard

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CONTEXT Traveler's diarrhea (TD) can incapacitate travelers. Characteristics of TD could be helpful in identifying individuals who might benefit from a vaccine against TD. OBJECTIVE To determine epidemiology, etiology, and impact of TD in Jamaica. Design Two-armed, cross-sectional survey conducted between March 1996 and May 1997. SETTING Sangster(More)
PURPOSE Histologic examination of valve samples is considered as the gold standard for the diagnosis of infectious endocarditis. Molecular tools are also very promising for patients with negative-culture endocarditis. Thus, we studied the contribution of valvular histology, culture, and 16S rRNA PCR amplification plus sequencing to the diagnosis of(More)
Described here are seven new cases of infective endocarditis due to Escherichia coli, including four involving prosthetic valves, followed by a review of similar cases in the literature. The review identified cases according to the modified Duke’s criteria and revealed 16 cases reported before 1960, 5 between 1960 and 1980, and 11 after 1980. Currently,(More)
It is important to monitor the long-term persistence of antibodies induced by vaccination. Four cohorts were followed for their long-term immunity after vaccination with a combined hepatitis A and B vaccine (Twinrix; SmithKline Beecham Biologicals, Rixsenart, Belgium). Two cohorts of adults (ages 17-60 years), one of 1-6-year-olds, and one of 6-15-year-olds(More)
A vaccine combining hepatitis B with diphtheria, tetanus and whole-cell Bordetella pertussis (DTPwHBV) would facilitate the attainment of universal vaccination of infants against hepatitis B. A candidate vaccine was administered to 42 infants beginning at 7-15 weeks of age. Antibodies were measured from pre- and postvaccination blood samples. After three(More)
RATIONALE A combined hepatitis A and B vaccine, Twinrix, containing at least 720 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay units of hepatitis A antigen and 20 microg of hepatitis B antigen in the adult formulation and half those doses in the pediatric formulation, has been available in many countries since 1997. This vaccine is administered on a three dose(More)
We amplified by PCR and sequenced Streptococcus pneumoniae rpoB from DNA of the cardiac valve of a man who had presented with pneumococcal endocarditis 7 years earlier. Histopathologically, the valve did not show evidence of endocarditis. This case raises the question of persistence of DNA without any evidence of infection.
Two studies were undertaken to investigate the concomitant administration of combined hepatitis A/B vaccine with a diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine mixed with Haemophilus influenzae vaccine (DTPa-IPV/Hib), or with a measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR), during the second year of life. On completion of the vaccination(More)