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Deregulation of the ubiquitin/proteasome system has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many human diseases, including cancer. Ubiquitin-specific proteases (USP) are cysteine proteases involved in the deubiquitination of protein substrates. Functional connections between USP7 and essential viral proteins and oncogenic pathways, such as the p53/Mdm2 and(More)
osmY is a stationary phase-induced and osmotically regulated gene in Escherichia coli that requires the stationary phase RNA polymerase (Esigma(S)) for in vivo expression. We show here that the major RNA polymerase, Esigma(70), also transcribes osmY in vitro and, depending on genetic background, even in vivo. The cAMP receptor protein (CRP) bound to cAMP,(More)
Deregulation of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many human diseases, including cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. The recent approval of the proteasome inhibitor Velcade® (bortezomib) for the treatment of multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma establishes this system as a valid target for cancer(More)
The human Lkb1 kinase, encoded by the ortholog of the invertebrate Par4 polarity gene, is mutated in Peutz-Jeghers cancer syndrome. Lkb1 activity requires complex formation with the pseudokinase Strad and the adaptor protein Mo25. The complex can induce complete polarization in a single isolated intestinal epithelial cell. We describe an interaction between(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) regulates a wide variety of biological processes through two types of Ser/Thr transmembrane receptors: the TGF-beta type I receptor and the TGF-beta type II receptor (TbetaRII). Upon ligand binding, TGF-beta type I receptor activated by TbetaRII propagates signals to Smad proteins, which mediate the activation of(More)
Access to the human genome facilitates extensive functional proteomics studies. Here, we present an integrated approach combining large-scale protein interaction mapping, exploration of the interaction network, and cellular functional assays performed on newly identified proteins involved in a human signaling pathway. As a proof of principle, we studied the(More)
FOXO (Forkhead box O) transcription factors are important regulators of cellular metabolism, cell-cycle progression and cell death. FOXO activity is regulated by multiple post-translational modifications, including phosphorylation, acetylation and polyubiquitination. Here, we show that FOXO becomes monoubiquitinated in response to increased cellular(More)
The human USP7 deubiquitinating enzyme was shown to regulate many proteins involved in the cell cycle, as well as tumor suppressors and oncogenes. Thus, USP7 offers a promising, strategic target for cancer therapy. Using biochemical assays and activity-based protein profiling in living systems, we identified small-molecule antagonists of USP7 and(More)
Deregulation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many human diseases, including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders and viral diseases. The recent approval of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (Velcade) for the treatment of multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma establishes this system as a valid target for(More)
High-throughput screening highlighted 9-oxo-9H-indeno[1,2-b]pyrazine-2,3-dicarbonitrile (1) as an active inhibitor of ubiquitin-specific proteases (USPs), a family of hydrolytic enzymes involved in the removal of ubiquitin from protein substrates. The chemical behavior of compound 1 was examined. Moreover, the synthesis and in vitro evaluation of new(More)