Frédéric Chevy

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One of the greatest challenges in modern physics is to understand the behaviour of an ensemble of strongly interacting particles. A class of quantum many-body systems (such as neutron star matter and cold Fermi gases) share the same universal thermodynamic properties when interactions reach the maximum effective value allowed by quantum mechanics, the(More)
We stir with a focused laser beam a Bose-Einstein condensate of 87 Rb atoms confined in a magnetic trap. We observe the formation of a single vortex for a stirring frequency exceeding a critical value. At larger rotation frequencies we produce states of the condensate for which up to eleven vortices are simultaneously present. We present measurements of the(More)
Interacting fermions are ubiquitous in nature, and understanding their thermodynamics is an important problem. We measured the equation of state of a two-component ultracold Fermi gas for a wide range of interaction strengths at low temperature. A detailed comparison with theories including Monte-Carlo calculations and the Lee-Huang-Yang corrections for(More)
the date of receipt and acceptance should be inserted later Abstract. We have constructed and modeled a simple and efficient source of slow atoms. From a background vapour loaded magneto-optical trap, a thin laser beam extracts a continuous jet of cold rubidium atoms. In this setup, the extraction column that is typical to leaking MOT systems is created(More)
Superconductivity and superfluidity of fermionic and bosonic systems are remarkable many-body quantum phenomena. In liquid helium and dilute gases, Bose and Fermi superfluidity has been observed separately, but producing a mixture in which both the fermionic and the bosonic components are superfluid is challenging. Here we report on the observation of such(More)
Using a focused laser beam we stir a Bose-Einstein condensate confined in a magnetic trap. When the stirring frequency lies near the transverse quadrupolar mode resonance we observe the nucleation of vortices. When several vortices are nucleated, they arrange themselves in regular Abrikosov arrays, and in the limit of large quantum number the lattice(More)
We report on experiments in 6 Li Fermi gases near Feshbach resonances. A broad s-wave resonance is used to form a Bose-Einstein con-densate of weakly bound 6 Li2 molecules in a crossed optical trap. The measured molecule-molecule scattering length of 170 +100 −60 nm at 770 G is found in good agreement with theory. The expansion energy of the cloud in the(More)
– We demonstrate sub-Doppler cooling of 40 K on the D1 atomic transition. Using a gray molasses scheme, we efficiently cool a compressed cloud of 6.5 × 10 8 atoms from ∼ 4 mK to 20 µK in 8 ms. After transfer in a quadrupole magnetic trap, we measure a phase space density of ∼ 10 −5. This technique offers a promising route for fast evaporation of fermionic(More)
We describe a powerful method for determining the equation of state of an ultracold gas from in situ images. The method provides a measurement of the local pressure of an harmonically trapped gas and we give several applications to Bose and Fermi gases. We obtain the grand-canonical equation of state of a spin-balanced Fermi gas with resonant interactions(More)
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