Frédéric Chantraine

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BACKGROUND Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential molecule for all life forms because thiamine diphosphate (ThDP) is an indispensable cofactor for oxidative energy metabolism. The less abundant thiamine monophosphate (ThMP), thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) and adenosine thiamine triphosphate (AThTP), present in many organisms, may have still unidentified(More)
The energy cost of walking (C) in nine chronic hemiparetic patients was calculated by measuring the total mechanical work (Wtot) done by the muscles and the efficiency of this work production (eta). The energy cost was twice normal in slow walkers and 1.3 times greater in fast walkers. The increase in C was proportional to the increase in Wtot and eta was(More)
BACKGROUND The ratio of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) to placental growth factor (PlGF) is elevated in pregnant women before the clinical onset of preeclampsia, but its predictive value in women with suspected preeclampsia is unclear. METHODS We performed a prospective, multicenter, observational study to derive and validate a ratio of serum(More)
OBJECTIVE Intrapartum translabial ultrasound (ITU) has the potential to objectively and quantitatively assess the progress of labour. The relationships between the different ITU parameters and their development during normal term labour have not been studied. DESIGN Observational study. SETTING University teaching hospital. POPULATION Labouring women(More)
Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific syndrome characterized by hypertension, proteinuria and edema, which resolves on placental delivery. It is thought to be the consequence of impaired placentation due to inadequate trophoblastic invasion of the maternal spiral arteries. In PE the maternal plasma concentration of free vascular endothelial growth(More)
Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a leading cause of maternal and fetal/neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Clinical diagnosis and definition of PE is commonly based on the measurement of non-specific signs and symptoms, principally hypertension and proteinuria1–3. However, due to the recognition that measurement of proteinuria is prone to inaccuracies and the(More)
Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-related disease with potentially severe consequences with respect to foeto-maternal morbidity and mortality. However, the molecular pathogenesis of PE remains largely unknown. Recent reports have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) may play important roles in the development of PE. Analysing the miRNAs in sera from(More)
BACKGROUND Patients who have developed hemiparesis as a result of a central nervous system lesion, often experience reduced walking capacity and worse gait quality. Although clinically, similar gait patterns have been observed, presently, no clinically driven classification has been validated to group these patients' gait abnormalities at the level of the(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the performance of screening for pre-eclampsia (PE) by a combination of maternal factors, soluble endoglin (sEng), pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), placental growth factor (PlGF) and uterine artery lowest pulsatility index (L-PI) at 11-13 weeks' gestation. METHODS Uterine artery L-PI, sEng, PAPP-A and PlGF were(More)