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The energy cost of walking (C) in nine chronic hemiparetic patients was calculated by measuring the total mechanical work (Wtot) done by the muscles and the efficiency of this work production (eta). The energy cost was twice normal in slow walkers and 1.3 times greater in fast walkers. The increase in C was proportional to the increase in Wtot and eta was(More)
BACKGROUND Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential molecule for all life forms because thiamine diphosphate (ThDP) is an indispensable cofactor for oxidative energy metabolism. The less abundant thiamine monophosphate (ThMP), thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) and adenosine thiamine triphosphate (AThTP), present in many organisms, may have still unidentified(More)
BACKGROUND The ratio of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) to placental growth factor (PlGF) is elevated in pregnant women before the clinical onset of preeclampsia, but its predictive value in women with suspected preeclampsia is unclear. METHODS We performed a prospective, multicenter, observational study to derive and validate a ratio of serum(More)
Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific syndrome characterized by hypertension, proteinuria and edema, which resolves on placental delivery. It is thought to be the consequence of impaired placentation due to inadequate trophoblastic invasion of the maternal spiral arteries. In PE the maternal plasma concentration of free vascular endothelial growth(More)
OBJECTIVE Intrapartum translabial ultrasound (ITU) has the potential to objectively and quantitatively assess the progress of labour. The relationships between the different ITU parameters and their development during normal term labour have not been studied. DESIGN Observational study. SETTING University teaching hospital. POPULATION Labouring women(More)
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OBJECTIVES To examine the performance of screening for pre-eclampsia (PE) by a combination of maternal factors, soluble endoglin (sEng), pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), placental growth factor (PlGF) and uterine artery lowest pulsatility index (L-PI) at 11-13 weeks' gestation. METHODS Uterine artery L-PI, sEng, PAPP-A and PlGF were(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) poses diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. We analyzed clinical cases with confirmed placenta increta or percreta. DESIGN Retrospective case series. SETTING Multicenter study. POPULATION Pregnant women with AIP. METHODS Chart review. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Prenatal detection rates, treatment choices,(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have suggested that the main features of preeclampsia (PE) are consequences of endothelial dysfunction related to excess circulating anti-angiogenic factors, most notably, soluble sVEGFR-1 (also known as sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sEng), as well as to decreased PlGF. Recently, soluble VEGF type 2 receptor (sVEGFR-2) has emerged(More)
Placental chorioangioma is a benign vascular tumor. Lesions larger than 4 cm may cause fetal and maternal complications. Its association with disseminated neonatal hemangiomatosis is rarely described. We report a case of a large chorioangioma associated with an hydrops foetalis and disseminated neonatal hemangiomatosis. The relationship between placental(More)