Frédéric Catez

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In healthy cells, fusion and fission events participate in regulating mitochondrial morphology. Disintegration of the mitochondrial reticulum into multiple punctiform organelles during apoptosis led us to examine the role of Drp1, a dynamin-related protein that mediates outer mitochondrial membrane fission. Upon induction of apoptosis, Drp1 translocates(More)
Efficient and correct responses to double-stranded breaks (DSB) in chromosomal DNA are crucial for maintaining genomic stability and preventing chromosomal alterations that lead to cancer. The generation of DSB is associated with structural changes in chromatin and the activation of the protein kinase ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM), a key regulator of(More)
Over 80% of the nucleosomes in chromatin contain histone H1, a protein family known to affect the structure and activity of chromatin. Genetic studies and in vivo imaging experiments are changing the traditional view of H1 function and mechanism of action. H1 variants are partially redundant, mobile molecules that interact with nucleosomes as members of a(More)
The dynamic interaction of chromatin-binding proteins with their nucleosome binding sites is an important element in regulating the structure and function of chromatin in living cells. Here we review the major factors regulating the intranuclear mobility and chromatin binding of the linker histone H1, the most abundant family of nucleosome-binding proteins.(More)
We find that during embryogenesis the expression of HMGN1, a nuclear protein that binds to nucleosomes and reduces the compaction of the chromatin fiber, is progressively down-regulated throughout the entire embryo, except in committed but continuously renewing cell types, such as the basal layer of the epithelium. In the developing limb bud, the expression(More)
Histone H1 and the high-mobility group (HMG) proteins are chromatin binding proteins that regulate gene expression by modulating the compactness of the chromatin fiber and affecting the ability of regulatory factors to access their nucleosomal targets. Histone H1 stabilizes the higher-order chromatin structure and decreases nucleosomal access, while the HMG(More)
Here we demonstrate that HMGN1, a nuclear protein that binds to nucleosomes and reduces the compaction of the chromatin fiber, modulates histone posttranslational modifications. In Hmgn1-/- cells, loss of HMGN1 elevates the steady-state levels of phospho-S10-H3 and enhances the rate of stress-induced phosphorylation of S10-H3. In vitro, HMGN1 reduces the(More)
Ribosomes are specialized entities that participate in regulation of gene expression through their rRNAs carrying ribozyme activity. Ribosome biogenesis is overactivated in p53-inactivated cancer cells, although involvement of p53 on ribosome quality is unknown. Here, we show that p53 represses expression of the rRNA methyl-transferase fibrillarin (FBL) by(More)
Progression through mitosis is associated with reversible phosphorylation of many nuclear proteins including that of the high-mobility group N (HMGN) nucleosomal binding protein family. Here we use immunofluorescence and in vitro nuclear import studies to demonstrate that mitotic phosphorylation of the nucleosomal binding domain (NBD) of the HMGN1 protein(More)
The ability of regulatory factors to access their nucleosomal targets is modulated by nuclear proteins such as histone H1 and HMGN (previously named HMG-14/-17 family) that bind to nucleosomes and either stabilize or destabilize the higher-order chromatin structure. We tested whether HMGN proteins affect the interaction of histone H1 with chromatin. Using(More)