Frédéric Bornancin

Learn More
The immunomodulatory drug FTY720 is phosphorylated in vivo, and the resulting FTY720 phosphate as a ligand for sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors is responsible for the unique biological effects of the compound. So far, phosphorylation of FTY720 by murine sphingosine kinase (SPHK) 1a had been documented. We found that, while FTY720 is also phosphorylated by(More)
FTY720 (fingolimod) is an oral sphingosine-1 phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator in phase III development for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. To further investigate its mode of action, we analyzed gene expression in the central nervous system (CNS) during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). FTY720 downregulated inflammatory genes in(More)
Spatially resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) measured by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM), provides a method for tracing the catalytic activity of fluorescently tagged proteins inside live cell cultures and enables determination of the functional state of proteins in fixed cells and tissues. Here, a dynamic marker of(More)
Serine 657 in protein kinase C-alpha (PKCalpha) is a site of phosphorylation on expression of the recombinant protein in mammalian cells. To define the function of this phosphorylation, PKCalpha species with mutations of this site were investigated. The alanine mutant, S657A PKCalpha, displayed slow phosphate accumulation in pulse-chase experiments,(More)
The formation of the CBM (CARD11-BCL10-MALT1) complex is pivotal for antigen-receptor-mediated activation of the transcription factor NF-κB. Signaling is dependent on MALT1 (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation protein 1), which not only acts as a scaffolding protein but also possesses proteolytic activity mediated by its caspase-like(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate, a lipid mediator produced by sphingosine kinases, regulates diverse cellular processes, ranging from cell growth and survival to effector functions, such as proinflammatory mediator synthesis. Using human A549 epithelial lung carcinoma cells as a model system, we observed transient upregulation of sphingosine kinase type 1 (SPHK1)(More)
Ceramide is a key player governing cell fate, and its conversion to ceramide-1-phosphate by ceramide kinase (CERK) is emerging as an important mean to regulate apoptosis and inflammatory processes. We identified a new ceramide kinase homolog, designated CERK-like protein (CERKL) and we compared it to the known CERK. Real time-PCR analysis of human tissues(More)
BACKGROUND It has been widely reported that multisite phosphorylation plays an essential role in the regulation of protein kinases. However, our understanding of how these events modify protein function in vitro and in vivo is poorly understood. Protein kinase C (PKC) affords an interesting example of how phosphorylation control is coupled to effector(More)
The paracaspase MALT1 plays an important role in immune receptor-driven signaling pathways leading to NF-κB activation. MALT1 promotes signaling by acting as a scaffold, recruiting downstream signaling proteins, as well as by proteolytic cleavage of multiple substrates. However, the relative contributions of these two different activities to T and B cell(More)
FTY720, a potent immunomodulatory drug in phase 2/3 clinical trials, induces rapid and reversible sequestration of lymphocytes into secondary lymphoid organs, thereby preventing their migration to sites of inflammation. As prerequisite for its function, phosphorylation of FTY720 to yield a potent agonist of the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor S1P(1) is(More)