Frédéric Barras

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The phylogenetic diversity of prokaryotic communities exposed to arid conditions in the hot desert of Tataouine (south Tunisia) was estimated with a combination of a culture and - molecular-based analysis. Thirty-one isolates, representative of each dominant morphotypes, were affiliated to Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and the CFB group while(More)
Iron sulfur (Fe/S) proteins are ubiquitous and participate in multiple biological processes, from photosynthesis to DNA repair. Iron and sulfur are highly reactive chemical species, and the mechanisms allowing the multiprotein systems ISC and SUF to assist Fe/S cluster formation in vivo have attracted considerable attention. Here, A-Type components of these(More)
The type II secretion machinery allows most Gram-negative bacteria to deliver virulence factors into their surroundings. We report that in Erwinia chrysanthemi, GspE (the putative NTPase), GspF, GspL and GspM constitute a complex in the inner membrane that is presumably used as a platform for assembling other parts of the secretion machinery. The(More)
The broad range of cellular activities carried out by Fe-S proteins means that they have a central role in the life of most organisms. At the interface between biology and chemistry, studies of bacterial Fe-S protein biogenesis have taken advantage of the specific approaches of each field and have begun to reveal the molecular mechanisms involved. The(More)
Erwinia chrysanthemi causes soft-rot disease in a great variety of plants. In addition to the depolymerizing activity of plant cell wall-degrading enzymes, iron acquisition and resistance to oxidative stress contribute greatly to the virulence of this pathogen. Here, we studied the pin10 locus originally thought to encode new virulence factors. The sequence(More)
Biosynthesis of iron-sulfur clusters is a cellular process which depends on complex protein machineries. Escherichia coli contains two such biosynthetic systems, ISC and SUF. In this review article we specifically make a presentation of the various Suf proteins and discuss the molecular mechanisms by which these proteins work together to assemble Fe and S(More)
Erwinia chrysanthemi, a Gram-negative plant pathogen, secretes the cellulase Cel5 (formerly EGZ) via the type II secretion pathway (referred to as Out). Cel5 is composed of two domains, a large N-terminal catalytic domain (390 amino acid residues) and a small C-terminal cellulose-binding domain (62 amino acid residues) separated by a linker region. A(More)
Iron/sulfur centers are key cofactors of proteins intervening in multiple conserved cellular processes, such as gene expression, DNA repair, RNA modification, central metabolism and respiration. Mechanisms allowing Fe/S centers to be assembled, and inserted into polypeptides have attracted much attention in the last decade, both in eukaryotes and(More)
In living organisms, most methionine residues exposed to reactive oxygen species (ROS) are converted to methionine sulfoxides. This reaction can lead to structural modifications and/or inactivation of proteins. Recent years have brought a wealth of new information on methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MsrA) and B (MsrB) which makes methionine oxidation a(More)
Peptide methionine sulfoxide reductase (MsrA), which repairs oxidized proteins, is present in most living organisms, and the cognate structural gene belongs to the so-called minimum gene set [Mushegian, A. R. & Koonin, E. V., (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 10268-10273]. In this work, we report that MsrA is required for full virulence of the plant(More)