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The reactive species of oxygen and chlorine damage cellular components, potentially leading to cell death. In proteins, the sulfur-containing amino acid methionine is converted to methionine sulfoxide, which can cause a loss of biological activity. To rescue proteins with methionine sulfoxide residues, living cells express methionine sulfoxide reductases(More)
The phylogenetic diversity of prokaryotic communities exposed to arid conditions in the hot desert of Tataouine (south Tunisia) was estimated with a combination of a culture and - molecular-based analysis. Thirty-one isolates, representative of each dominant morphotypes, were affiliated to Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and the CFB group while(More)
Iron/sulfur centers are key cofactors of proteins intervening in multiple conserved cellular processes, such as gene expression, DNA repair, RNA modification, central metabolism and respiration. Mechanisms allowing Fe/S centers to be assembled, and inserted into polypeptides have attracted much attention in the last decade, both in eukaryotes and(More)
Erwinia chrysanthemi produced several pectate lyases (EC and endocellulases (EC which were largely secreted into the culture medium. Mutants deficient in the secretion mechanism for these enzymes were obtained by chemical and insertion mutagenesis. Further study of one such mutant revealed that both enzyme activities were retained(More)
Iron/sulfur (Fe/S) proteins are central to the functioning of cells in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Here, we show that the yhgI gene, which we renamed nfuA, encodes a two-domain protein that is required for Fe/S biogenesis in Escherichia coli. The N-terminal domain resembles the so-called Fe/S A-type scaffold but, curiously, has lost the functionally(More)
Biosynthesis of iron-sulfur clusters (Fe-S) depends on multiprotein systems. Recently, we described the SUF system of Escherichia coli and Erwinia chrysanthemi as being important for Fe-S biogenesis under stressful conditions. The SUF system is made of six proteins: SufC is an atypical cytoplasmic ABC-ATPase, which forms a complex with SufB and SufD; SufA(More)
Oxidation of methionine residues to methionine sulfoxide can lead to inactivation of proteins. Methionine sulfoxide reductase (MsrA) has been known for a long time, and its repairing function well characterized. Here we identify a new methionine sulfoxide reductase, which we referred to as MsrB, the gene of which is present in genomes of eubacteria,(More)
Biogenesis of iron-sulfur (Fe-S) cluster-containing proteins relies on assistance of complex machineries. To date three systems, NIF, ISC, and SUF, were reported to allow maturation of Fe-S proteins. Here we report that the csdA-csdE (formally ygdK) genes of Escherichia coli constitute a sulfur-generating system referred to as CSD which also contributes to(More)
In proteins, methionine residues are primary targets for oxidation. Methionine oxidation is reversed by methionine sulfoxide reductases A and B, a class of highly conserved enzymes. Ffh protein, a component of the ubiquitous signal recognition particle, contains a methionine-rich domain, interacting with a small 4.5S RNA. In vitro analyses reported here(More)
The phytopathogenic bacterium Erwinia chrysanthemi produces five major pectate lyases that are key virulence factors in soft-rot disease development. Using transcriptional fusions, we studied the regulation of pelA, pelD, and pelE gene expression as a function of variation of the external pH. pelA and pelD were expressed when bacteria were grown in an(More)