Frédéric Achard

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MOTIVATION The eXtensible Markup Language (XML) is an emerging standard for structuring documents, notably for the World Wide Web. In this paper, the authors present XML and examine its use as a data language for bioinformatics. In particular, XML is compared to other languages, and some of the potential uses of XML in bioinformatics applications are(More)
Global land cover is one of the essential terrestrial baseline datasets available for ecosystem modeling, however uncertainty remains an issue. Tools such as Google Earth offer enormous potential for land cover validation. With an ever increasing amount of very fine spatial resolution images (up to 50 cm × 50 cm) available on Google Earth, it is becoming(More)
— The Globcover initiative comprises the development and demonstration of a service that in first instance produces a Global land cover map for year 2005/2006. Globcover uses MERIS fine resolution (300m) mode data acquired between mid 2005 and mid 2006 and, for maximum user benefit, the thematic legend is compatible with the UN Land Cover Classification(More)
This paper presents a map of Africa's rainforests for 2005. Derived from moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer data at a spatial resolution of 250 m and with an overall accuracy of 84%, this map provides new levels of spatial and thematic detail. The map is accompanied by measurements of deforestation between 1990, 2000 and 2010 for West Africa,(More)
We estimate changes in forest cover (deforestation and forest regrowth) in the tropics for the two last decades (1990-2000 and 2000-2010) based on a sample of 4000 units of 10 ×10 km size. Forest cover is interpreted from satellite imagery at 30 × 30 m resolution. Forest cover changes are then combined with pan-tropical biomass maps to estimate carbon(More)
This paper outlines the methods and results for monitoring forest change and resulting carbon emissions for the 1990–2000 and 200–2005 periods carried out over tropical Central and South America. To produce our forest change estimates we used a systematic sample of medium resolution satellite data processed to forest change maps covering 1230 sites of 20 km(More)
MOTIVATION Links between biological objects are frequently used by researchers in biology. However, many of the links found in public databases are insufficiently documented and difficult to retrieve. Virgil introduces the idea of a rich link, i.e. the link itself and the related pieces of information. Virgil was developed to collect, manage and distribute(More)
Aim This study provides regional estimates of forest cover in dry African ecoregions and the changes in forest cover that occurred there between 1990 and 2000, using a systematic sample of medium-resolution satellite imagery which was processed consistently across the continent. Location The study area corresponds to the dry forests and woodlands of Africa(More)
The DBcat ( is a comprehensive catalog of biological databases, maintained and curated on a daily basis at GIS Infobiogen. It contains more than 400 databases classified by application domains. The DBcat is a structured flat file library, that can be searched by means of an SRS server or a dedicated Web interface. The(More)
MOTIVATION A large proportion of the information found in public databases is not sufficiently cross-referenced. We developed genXref, an automated system for link inference, because embarking on a manual cross-referencing of genome data would require too much expensive human expertise. It uses information retrieval technology to generate links between(More)