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Adenosine plays multiple roles in the efficient functioning of the heart by regulating coronary blood flow, cardiac pacemaking, and contractility. Previous studies have implicated the equilibrative nucleoside transporter family member equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (ENT1) in the regulation of cardiac adenosine levels. We report here that a second(More)
Membrane proteins represent a significant fraction of all genomes and play key roles in many aspects of biology, but their structural analysis has been hampered by difficulties in large-scale production and crystallisation. To overcome the first of these hurdles, we present here a systematic approach for expression and affinity-tagging which takes into(More)
Metal ion homeostasis is important for healthy cell function and is regulated by metal ion transporters and chaperones. To explore metal ion binding to membrane transport proteins we have used cadmium-113 as a solid state NMR probe of the Escherichia coli zinc exporter ZitB present in native membrane preparations. Competition experiments with other metal(More)
YjdL from E. coli is an unusual proton-coupled oligopeptide transporter (POT). Unlike prototypical POTs, dipeptides are preferred over tripeptides, in particular dipeptides with a positively charged C-terminal residue. To further understand this difference in peptide specificity, the sequences of YjdL and YdgR, a prototypical E. coli POT, were compared in(More)
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an infectious agent of a large variety of birds, including chicken, which poses a real threat to the agriculture industry. Matrix (M) proteins of NDV and many other viruses perform critical functions during viral assembly and budding from the host cell. M-proteins are well conserved and therefore are potential targets for(More)
Multidrug resistance mediated by efflux pumps is a well-known phenomenon in infectious bacteria. Although much work has been carried out to characterize multidrug efflux pumps in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, such information is still lacking for many deadly pathogens. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the substrate specificity of(More)
Proton-dependent oligopeptide transporters (POTs) are secondary active symporters that utilize the proton gradient to drive the inward translocation of di- and tripeptides. We have mutated two highly conserved membraneembedded glutamate residues (Glu20 and Glu388) in the E. coli POT YjdL to probe their possible functional roles, in particular if they were(More)
Escherichia coli glutamate/aspartate-proton symporter GltP is a member of the Dicarboxylate/Amino Acid:Cation Symporter family of secondary active transport proteins. A range of computational, chemical, biochemical and biophysical methods characterised evolutionary relationships, structural features, substrate binding affinities and transport kinetics of(More)
The eighth author's name is incorrectly spelled. The correct name is: Moazur Rahman. The footnote for Table 3 appears incorrectly in the Results and Discussion section. Please see the correct Table 3 and footnote here. Copyright: © 2016 Ullah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which(More)
100K is an important scaffolding protein of adenoviruses including fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (FAdV-4) that causes inclusion body hepatitis-hydropericardium syndrome (IBH-HPS) in poultry. 100K carries out the trimerization of the major capsid hexon protein of the virus for the generation of new virions inside the target host cells. Despite its critical role(More)