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A number of theories regarding the aetiology of Crohn's disease have been proposed. Diet, infections, other unidentified environmental factors and immune disregulation, all working under the influence of a genetic predisposition, have been viewed with suspicion. Many now believe that Crohn's disease is a syndrome caused by several aetiologies. The two(More)
Metronidazole (Mtz) is a critical ingredient of modern multidrug therapies for Helicobacter pylori infection. Mtz resistance reduces the effectiveness of these combinations. Although null mutations in a rdxA gene that encodes oxygen-insensitive NAD(P)H nitroreductase was reported in Mtz-resistant H. pylori, an intact rdxA gene has also been reported in(More)
The sanctuary site where Helicobacter pylori evades antimicrobial therapy is unknown, but considerable data exist about an intracellular location for H pylori. Ten H pylori-infected volunteers received standard triple antimicrobial therapy for 2 weeks. Gastric mucosal biopsy specimens were obtained with jumbo forceps on therapy days 0, 3, 14, and 42.(More)
Helicobacter pylori is the causative agent of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and is also associated with gastric cancer. Eradication of H pylori infection has proven to be difficult to confirm. The authors developed a nonradioactive in situ hybridization method for detection of H pylori and compared it with conventional methods for diagnosis of the(More)
The patterns of antibiotic resistance in Helicobacter pylori were assessed in two different regions in Japan. Overall, prevalences of resistance to metronidazole and clarithromycin were 12.4 and 12.9%, respectively. While there was no difference in clarithromycin resistance, the prevalence of metronidazole resistance was significantly higher in Kyoto(More)
The most commonly used antibiotics in Crohn's disease are nitroimidazoles and macrolides often combined with corticosteroids or sulfasalazine. There has been interest in a mycobacterial involvement in Crohn's disease since its earliest description. It is not recognized that Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis, a proven but uncommon cause of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS An association between water sources and the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in Peruvian children was shown previously. The aim of this study was to confirm the presence of H. pylori in drinking water in the same community. METHODS Forty-eight drinking water samples from different locations in pueblo jovenes (new towns) near(More)
Antibiotic resistance in Helicobacter pylori varies according to geographical region. We studied the primary resistance rates among 652 H. pylori isolated from Korea in relation to collection date, disease presentation, age and gender. Resistance rates were 40.6% (metronidazole), 5.9% (clarithromycin), 5.3% (tetracycline), 0% (amoxycillin), 1.5%(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease, an inflammatory bowel disease in humans, has a suspected aetiology of Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis. AIMS To evaluate the role of rifabutin and clarithromycin anti-Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis treatment in Crohn's disease patients using an open clinical trial. METHODS . A total of 36 patients with(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis is a pathogen that causes chronic inflammation of the intestine in many animals, including primates, and is implicated in Crohn's disease in humans. It differs from other members of the M. avium complex in having 14-18 copies of IS900 inserted into conserved loci in its genome. In the present study, genomic DNA(More)