Fouad A. K. El-Zaatari

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To analyze the pathogenesis of the neurotropic murine coronavirus JHMV, we used monoclonal antibodies to the E2 viral glycoprotein to select antigenic variant viruses. Monoclonal antibodies J.7.2 and J.2.2 were shown to bind to topographically distinct regions of the E2 molecule, and the variants selected with the two antibodies demonstrated very different(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS An association between water sources and the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in Peruvian children was shown previously. The aim of this study was to confirm the presence of H. pylori in drinking water in the same community. METHODS Forty-eight drinking water samples from different locations in pueblo jovenes (new towns) near(More)
The objective of these experiments was to examine the ability of Helicobacter pylori to stimulate interleukin-10 (IL-10) or IL-12 and select for either Th1 or Th2 cells. Gastric biopsy specimens were collected from patients who were categorized with respect to the presence of H. pylori and gastric disease as well as their age, gender, medications, and other(More)
Cell wall-defective bacteria which later reverted to acid-fast bacilli have been isolated from sarcoid tissue. These have not been conclusively shown to be mycobacteria. Specific PCR assays were applied to identify mycobacterial nucleic acids in these cultured isolates and in fresh specimens obtained from patients with sarcoidosis. Positive amplification(More)
Mycobacterium paratuberculosis is mycobactin dependent and contains multiple copies of the IS900 gene that encodes for p43 (46.5K protein). The correlation between the two characteristics has been investigated. A 3.2-kb BamHI fragment from M. paratuberculosis containing the 1.451 kb IS900 gene was cloned in Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium smegmatis with(More)
Metronidazole (Mtz) is a critical ingredient of modern multidrug therapies for Helicobacter pylori infection. Mtz resistance reduces the effectiveness of these combinations. Although null mutations in a rdxA gene that encodes oxygen-insensitive NAD(P)H nitroreductase was reported in Mtz-resistant H. pylori, an intact rdxA gene has also been reported in(More)
The sanctuary site where Helicobacter pylori evades antimicrobial therapy is unknown, but considerable data exist about an intracellular location for H pylori. Ten H pylori-infected volunteers received standard triple antimicrobial therapy for 2 weeks. Gastric mucosal biopsy specimens were obtained with jumbo forceps on therapy days 0, 3, 14, and 42.(More)
Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in clinical specimens by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was compared with detection by culture. A 317-bp segment within the M. tuberculosis-specific insertion sequence IS6110 was amplified. The detection limit of the PCR assay for cultured mycobacteria was 50 cells per reaction by ethidium bromide-stained agarose(More)
Metronidazole is a critical ingredient for combination therapies of Helicobacter pylori infection, the major cause of peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. It has been recently reported that metronidazole resistance from H. pylori ATCC43504 is caused by the insertion of a mini-IS605 sequence and deletion of sequences in an oxygen insensitive NAD(P)H(More)
To investigate whether the oral cavity is a potential reservoir and possible sanctuary for Helicobacter pylori, supragingival and subgingival plaques were analyzed by a Helicobacter genus-specific reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction based on the sequence data of H. pylori 16S rRNA. The amplified 500-bp DNA fragment was identified by ethidium(More)