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here are many limitations to the use of classical echocardiographic indexes for the estimation of systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) function. The ejection fraction (EF, an index of systolic function) and LV volumes are subject to large errors when the ellipsoid shape of the heart becomes spherical. Age, rhythm and conduction disturbances, and(More)
Coronary artery ectasia is usually linked to coronary atherosclerosis. Its primary defect is a destruction of vascular media, which leads to coronary dilatation. The aim of the present study is to evaluate whether ascending aorta present anatomical and functional wall changes in patients with coronary ectasia compared with patients without ectasia. Forty(More)
OBJECTIVES Hemodialysis patients have a cardiovascular mortality rate of 20-40 times that of the general population. Aldosterone inhibition by spironolactone has exerted beneficial, prognostically significant cardiovascular effects in patients with heart failure maintained on hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. Our aim was to investigate spironolactone's(More)
Positive inotropes used for the treatment of heart failure have been arrhythmogenic. Levosimendan is a novel calcium sensitizer with vasodilating properties and a complex mechanism of action. Its effect on ventricular arrhythmias and 24-hour Holter electrocardiographically derived prognostic autonomic nervous system-related markers, because it occurs in(More)
BACKGROUND Right ventricular (RV) apical pacing deteriorates left ventricular (LV) function. RV nonoutflow (low) septal pacing may better preserve ventricular performance, but this has not been systematically tested. Our aim was to assess (1) whether long-term RV lower septal pacing is superior to RV apical pacing regarding LV volumes and ejection fraction(More)
The impact of ranolazine, an anti-ishemic agent with antiarrhythmic properties, on paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unclear. Pacing devices can be useful tools for disclosing even asymptomatic PAF. Purpose of this study is to assess the effect of ranolazine on atrial fibrillation (AF), in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is evidence that inflammation and oxidative stress might contribute to the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF), the predictive value of inflammatory and oxidative stress markers in patients with AF has not been fully assessed. The aim of this study is to evaluate these markers as predictors of sinus rhythm (SR) maintenance, in(More)
INTRODUCTION Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) correlates well with left ventricular wall hypertrophy and the severity of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of BNP levels with clinical status and left ventricular function in HCM(More)
Aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva (ASV) is a rare cardiac disease that may be acquired or congenital. It is usually an asymptomatic condition; however, when it ruptures, symptoms appear and the condition deteriorates rapidly. Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) is a localized "saccular" deformity of the interatrial septum that is associated with cerebrovascular(More)
A 19-year-old male presented with fever, substernal pain, dyspnea, and distended neck veins. Diagnostic investigations, such as echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging, provided evidence of a large mass within the pericardial sac, attached by a broad base to the parietal pericardium and lying along the right ventricular free wall. A partial(More)