Forrest W. Nutter

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ABSTRACT The germination and sporulation of Colletotrichum acutatum were characterized over time on strawberry leaves (cv. Tristar) and plastic coverslips incubated at 26 degrees C under continuous wetness. Conidia germinated within 3 h after inoculation and formed melanized appressoria with pores by 9 h after inoculation. Host penetration was not observed(More)
This review considers the cascade of events that link injuries caused by plant pathogens on crop stands to possible (quantitative and qualitative) crop losses (damage), and to the resulting economic losses. To date, much research has focused on injury control to prevent this cascade of events from occurring. However, this cascade involves a complex(More)
ABSTRACT Soybean lines transformed with the coat protein (CP) gene of Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) were evaluated for SMV resistance by quantifying the temporal and spatial spread of SMV strain AL-5 released from a point source in the field. The temporal spread of SMV within field plots during 1999 and 2000 was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.(More)
ABSTRACT Spatial and temporal patterns of foliar disease caused by Phoma ligulicola were quantified in naturally occurring epidemics in Tasmanian pyrethrum fields. Disease assessments (defoliation incidence, defoliation severity, incidence of stems with ray blight, and incidence of flowers with ray blight) were performed four times each year in 2002 and(More)
Development of transgenic disease resistance in soybeans, despite progress in other important crop plants, has advanced slowly. In this study, transgenic soybean plants resistant to soybean mosaic virus (SMV) were obtained by transforming with the coat protein gene and the 3′-UTR from SMV. Four insertion events were detected in a T0 plant obtained by using(More)
ABSTRACT Strawberry leaves (cv. Tristar) inoculated with Colletotrichum acuta-tum conidia were incubated at 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 degrees C under continuous wetness, and at 25 degrees C under six intermittent wetness regimes. The number of conidia and appressoria was quantified on excised leaf disks. In order to assess pathogen survival, inoculated(More)
ABSTRACT Dew and growth chamber tests were conducted on the alfalfa cultivar Ranger to determine the effect of duration of leaf wetness and temperature on several components of the alfalfa rust (Uromyces striatus) monocycle. Duration of leaf wetness and temperature both had significant effects on pustule development. Infection efficiency (number of alfalfa(More)
Field studies were conducted in Iowa during 2001 and 2002 to determine the optimal sampling height and orientation for using yellow sticky cards to monitor populations of Chaetocnema pulicaria Melsheimer, the vector of the bacterial pathogen Pantoea stewartii subsp, stewartii, the causal organism of Stewart's disease of corn, Zea mays L.. Sticky cards were(More)
Leaf wetness duration (LWD) models based on empirical approaches offer practical advantages over physically based models in agricultural applications, but their spatial portability is questionable because they may be biased to the climatic conditions under which they were developed. In our study, spatial portability of three LWD models with empirical(More)
In 1999 and 2000, yellow sticky cards and sweep net samples were used to document the occurrence of an overwintering adult generation of Chaetocnema pulicaria Melsheimer, corn flea beetle, followed by two distinct populations peaks during the growing season in Iowa Emergence of the overwintering adult generation started in mid-April and continued until(More)