Foo Leong Li-Saw-Hee

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BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation is associated with increased risk of stroke and thromboembolism, possibly by conferring a prothrombotic or hypercoagulable state. However, it is unclear whether or not this differs in the clinical subgroups of chronic atrial fibrillation patients, that is, in those with paroxysmal, persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation.(More)
OBJECTIVES First, we sought to determine whether there is diurnal variation in hemostatic factors related to thrombogenesis and hypercoagulability among patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). Second, we sought to determine whether levels of soluble thrombomodulin (sTM), a marker of endothelial function, or soluble P-selectin (sP-sel), an index of(More)
Systemic thromboembolism is a major complication in patients with mitral stenosis, especially in those who have atrial fibrillation (AF). It has been suggested that there may be increased regional left atrial coagulation activity in such patients, despite normal systemic coagulation activity on peripheral blood sampling. Our aim was to investigate whether(More)
In this study of 27 untreated patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension, we report on elevated plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and its soluble receptor Flt-1 compared with healthy controls; these increased levels are reduced by the treatment of hypertension. This raises the possibility that abnormal angiogenesis may contribute(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tissue factor (TF; an initiator of coagulation) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF; a marker of angiogenesis) are involved in the hypercoagulable state associated with malignancy. We investigated their roles in chronic atrial fibrillation (AF), a condition also associated with increased risk of stroke and thromboembolism, as(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a prothrombotic or hypercoagulable state. HYPOTHESIS This study was undertaken to determine whether short-term exercise in patients with chronic AF would shift the overall hemostatic balance toward a more prothrombotic state with a reduction in fibrinolytic(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombogenesis, angiogenesis, and endothelial damage/dysfunction are components in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relation of these variables to atherosclerotic disease severity and the possible interrelations between the three. METHODS 111 patients attending for coronary angiography were studied (85 male,(More)
To investigate the hypothesis that higher levels of blood pressure would further promote the hypercoagulable state in atrial fibrillation (AF) by increasing the degree of hemostatic abnormalities, we studied 82 consecutive patients with chronic nonvalvular AF who were not taking antithrombotic therapy. Patients with AF had higher levels of plasma fibrin(More)