Fons J. M. Gabreëls

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Recently, we showed that homozygosity for the common 677(C-->T) mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene, causing thermolability of the enzyme, is a risk factor for neural-tube defects (NTDs). We now report on another mutation in the same gene, the 1298(A-->C) mutation, which changes a glutamate into an alanine residue. This mutation(More)
We report the biochemical hallmarks of tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency with emphasis on reliable diagnostic strategies of four new cases of an inborn error of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). Three of our patients from different parts of the Netherlands were found homozygous for a mutation in exon 6 (G698A) of the TH gene, and one patient was found compound(More)
In seven unrelated patients with a demyelinating motor and sensory neuropathy, we found mutations in exons 2 and 3 of the P0 gene. Morphologic examination of sural nerve biopsy specimens showed a demyelinating process with onion bulb formation in all cases. In four patients, ultrastructural examination demonstrated uncompacted myelin in 23 to 68% of the(More)
We identified nine children with a leukoencephalopathy of similar type according to clinical and MRI findings. The patients included three affected sibling pairs. The age range was 3 to 19 years. The onset of the disease was in childhood; the course was both chronic-progressive and episodic. There were episodes of deterioration following infections and(More)
PURPOSE To describe imaging findings and their neuropathologic correlate in patients with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX). MATERIALS AND METHODS Computed tomographic (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) images in 24 patients with symptoms (mean age at time of imaging, 37 years; mean disease duration, 18 years) were reviewed for site and frequency of(More)
In the urine of a child with unexplained convulsions large amounts of uracil and thymine were detected by gas chromatography. Identification was performed by coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Quantitation of the urinary excretion by means of a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method revealed a 1000-fold elevation compared(More)
Seventeen cases of dominantly inherited demyelinating motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN type I) with infantile onset were studied. Not only clinical and electrophysiological data, but also the g ratio (axon diameter to fibre diameter), considered to be a distinguishing feature between HMSN type I and HMSN type III, showed overlap. Morphological and(More)
Neuromuscular characteristics were documented in ten patients with biochemically and genetically confirmed cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis. An array of genotypes was found in these patients. Only one patient complained of muscle weakness, while clinical signs of peripheral neuropathy were present in six patients. Electromyogram showed predominantly axonal(More)
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a lipid storage disease caused by a deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme 27-sterol hydroxylase (CYP 27), due to mutations in its gene. In this study we report on mutations in 58 patients with CTX out of 32 unrelated families. Eight of these were novel mutations, two of which were found together with two already(More)