Fong-Chi Cheng

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BNG-1, a novel mixture of traditional Chinese medicines with a long history in the treatment of stroke, exhibited acute neuroprotection effect on rats with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Anti-ischemic effects were seen in both animals receiving BNG-1 before the ischemic insult as well as in animals receiving the drug formulation after surgical(More)
Cell cycle G(2) checkpoint abrogation is an attractive strategy for sensitizing cancer cells to DNA-damaging anticancer agent without increasing adverse effects on normal cells. However, there is no single proven molecular target for this therapeutic approach. High-throughput screening for molecules inhibiting CHK1, a kinase that is essential for the G(2)(More)
Angiogenesis is a process that involves endothelial cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and tube formation, and inhibition of these processes has implications for angiogenesis-mediated disorders. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antiangiogenic efficacy of YC-1 [3-(5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzyl indazole] in well characterized in vitro(More)
In the present study we have discovered compound 1, a benzo[1.3.2]dithiazolium ylide-based compound, as a new prototype dual inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX). Compound 1 was initially discovered as a COX-2 inhibitor, resulting indirectly from the COX-2 structure-based virtual screening that identified compound 2 as a virtual hit.(More)
A radioligand binding assay for the HERG (human ether-a-go-go-related gene) K(+) channel was developed to identify compounds which may have inhibitory activity and potential cardiotoxicity. Pharmacological characterization of the [(3)H]astemizole binding assay for HERG K(+) channels was performed using HERG-expressing HEK293 cells. The assay conditions(More)
To evaluate the anti-sepsis potential of YC-1, we have examined the effect of YC-1 on the regulation of cytokine production in human leukocytes and endotoxemic mice. The data demonstrated that YC-1 showed a preferential inhibition on proinflammatory cytokine production without inhibition of cell growth or induction of cytotoxicity in human leukocytes. On(More)
A Chlorella powder was screened using 52 in vitro assay systems for enzyme activity, receptor binding, cellular cytokine release, and B and T cell proliferation. The screening revealed a very potent inhibition of human protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) activity of CD45 and PTP1C with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) values of 0.678 and 1.56 microg/mL,(More)
A Chlorella powder was tested in a total of 129 in vitro receptor binding assay systems. The results showed a potent inhibition of this powder on cysteinyl leukotriene CysLT2, and glutamate AMPA in a dose-concentration manner with IC(50) mean +/- SEM values of 20 +/- 4.5 microg/mL and 44 +/- 14 microg/mL, respectively. Other moderate and weak activities(More)
Quercetin, a flavonoid abundantly present in plants, is widely used as a phytotherapy in prostatitis and prostate cancer. Although quercetin has been reported to have a number of therapeutic effects, the cellular target(s) responsible for its anti-cancer action has not yet been clearly elucidated. Here, employing affinity chromatography and mass(More)
An alanine scan performed in the 1970s suggested that Phe(6) and Phe(11) are required for the binding of somatostatin (SRIF-14). Molecular modeling studies and replacement of Phe(6) and Phe(11) with a cystine bridge affording ligands with the retention of high biological activity, however, led to the alternate conclusion that Phe(6) and Phe(11) stabilize(More)