Folker A Hanefeld

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Monocyte/macrophage differentiation was studied in biopsy samples of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions obtained in the early course of the disease. Macrophages were identified by immunocytochemistry using a panel of antibodies recognizing different macrophage-activation antigens. The number of cells stained with each antibody was related to the demyelinating(More)
In a patient with extrapyramidal movement disorder and extremely low creatinine concentrations in serum and urine, in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy disclosed a generalized depletion of creatinine in the brain. Oral substitution of arginine, a substrate for creatine synthesis, resulted in an increase of brain guanidinoacetate as the immediate(More)
  • K Pelin, P Hilpelä, +17 authors C Wallgren-Pettersson
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1999
The congenital nemaline myopathies are rare hereditary muscle disorders characterized by the presence in the muscle fibers of nemaline bodies consisting of proteins derived from the Z disc and thin filament. In a single large Australian family with an autosomal dominant form of nemaline myopathy, the disease is caused by a mutation in the alpha-tropomyosin(More)
BACKGROUND The creatine/creatine-phosphate system is essential for the storage and transmission of phosphate-bound energy in muscle and brain. In infants, inefficiency or failure of this metabolic pathway can impair the development of motor control and mentation. METHODS We studied and treated an infant with extrapyramidal signs who was shown--by assay(More)
Lyme borreliosis is a tick-borne infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, whose discovery in 1982 solved an aetiological mystery involving a variety of dermatological and neurological disorders and explained their association with Lyme disease. Lyme borreliosis occurs frequently and is readily treatable with antibiotics. Along with its(More)
We studied seroprevalence and concentrations of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibodies in 147 pediatric patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and paired controls. The children with MS showed a near-complete seropositivity for EBV antibody against virus capsid antigen (98.6% vs 72.1% in controls, p = 0.001) but did not display serologic evidence for a recent(More)
Clinical course, diagnostic and therapeutic management, and neurodevelopmental outcome were evaluated in 11 patients with glutaryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. In 9 patients macrocephalus was present at or shortly after birth and preceded the neurological disease. In 7 children an acute illness resembling encephalitis appeared after a period of(More)
UNLABELLED Only recently have mutations in MECP2 been found to be a cause of Rett Syndrome (RTT), a neuro-developmental disorder characterized by mental retardation, loss of expressive speech, deceleration of head growth and loss of acquired skills that almost exclusively affects females. We analysed the MECP2 gene in 31 patients diagnosed with RTT.(More)
The effect of oral creatine supplementation on brain metabolite concentrations was investigated in gray matter, white matter, cerebellum, and thalamus of healthy young volunteers by means of quantitative localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in vivo (2.0 T, stimulated echo acquisition mode sequence; repetition time = 6,000 ms, echo time = 20 ms,(More)