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Aedes polynesiensis and Ae. samoanus biting densities and Wuchereria bancrofti infection and infective rates were studied in 47 villages throughout the islands of Samoa Upolu, Manono and Savaii during 1978-79, and microfilaria (mf) rates were surveyed in 28 of the villages. The mf rate was correlated with both infection and infective rates of Ae.(More)
In preparation for a Filariasis Control programme in Samoa, during 1978 monthly larval surveys of the vector mosquito Aedes polynesiensis were carried out in four study villages in the main island of Upolu. A more extensive survey of larval habitat distribution was then made in twenty-two villages of Upolu and eighteen of Savai'i island, to determine the(More)
Observations on Culex quinquefasciatus Say in Samoa during a study of the epidemiology and control of subperiodic bancroftian filariasis are reported. The man-biting rate of C. quinquefasciatus was comparable with that of Aedes (Finlaya) samoanus Gruenberg in one indicator village and lower in another. The house-frequenting behaviour of the two species was(More)
The developmental period of microfilariae of sub-periodic Wuchereria bancrofti in laboratory-bred Aedes polynesiensis and Ae. samoanus was shorter in the warm season (December to May) than in the cool season (June to November). In the warm season the microfilariae reached the 'sausage' stage in three days, cylindrical second stage in seven days and the(More)
Three species of Freycinetia (Pandanaceae) (F. reineckei, F. storkii, and F. hombronii) were tested for oviposition preference of Ochlerotatus samoanus, a vector of filariasis in Samoa. Laboratory tests indicated that F. reineckei was preferred by this mosquito for oviposition. Eggs were preferentially deposited on a peeled or a moist dried leaf. The(More)
Transmission experiments of laboratory-bred and wild-caught Aedes polynesiensis and wild-caught Ae. samoanus on carriers with different levels of microfilaraemia showed that the percentage of mosquitoes infected, the average number and range of larvae found in each infected mosquito were directly proportional to the microfilarial densities in the carrier at(More)
Seven years after the 2nd mass treatment of the population with diethylcarbamazine, transmission of subperiodic Wuchereria bancrofti was studied in four villages in Samoa during one year by means of biting catches of Aedes polynesiensis and A. samoanus. 2 villages were coastal, one inland bush and the other an inland coconut plantation community. Overall(More)
Water in leaf axils of the screwpine Pandanus was sampled for mosquito immature stages at seventy villages in Upolu, fifty-five in Savai'i and three in Manono, the main islands of Samoa. Ten plants in every patch of Pandanus plantation were sampled at each village. Among 23,049 mosquito larvae collected from Upolu, 77% were the filariasis vector Aedes(More)
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