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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of a broad range of external influences to the gut microbiotic composition in early infancy. METHODS Fecal samples from 1032 infants at 1 month of age, who were recruited from the KOALA Birth Cohort Study in the Netherlands, were subjected to quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(More)
This paper summarizes and concludes in-depth field investigations on suspected resistance of Schistosoma mansoni to praziquantel in northern Senegal. Praziquantel at 40 mg/kg usually cures 70-90% of S. mansoni infections. In an initial trial in an epidemic S. mansoni focus in northern Senegal, only 18% of the cases became parasitologically negative 12 weeks(More)
Schistosoma mansoni was introduced in the Richard Toll area (Senegal) around 1988, probably due to man-made ecological changes in the Senegal river basin. Since 1991, we investigate the community of Ndombo, close to Richard Toll. Four random population samples of approximately 400 subjects are surveyed, starting at 8 months intervals. Each cohort is(More)
Large differences in clinical response to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are observed in depressive patients with different genotypes. Quantification of these differences is needed to decide if genetic testing prior to antidepressant treatment is useful. We conducted a systematic review of the literature on the influence of polymorphisms in(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting evidence exists concerning the protective role of breastfeeding in allergy and atopic disease aetiology. Breast milk contains biologically active molecules influencing the innate immune system of newborns. OBJECTIVE We aim to assess whether cytokines (TGF-beta1, IL-10 and IL-12) and soluble CD14 (sCD14) in breast milk are influenced(More)
To investigate if infections in pregnancy and very early in life present a risk for wheezing, eczema, or atopic sensitization in later infancy. A total of 2319 children enrolled before birth in the KOALA Birth Cohort Study were followed during their first 2 yr of life using repeated questionnaires. Information was obtained on common colds, fever, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Perturbations in intestinal microbiota composition due to lifestyle changes may be involved in the development of atopic diseases. We examined gut microbiota composition in early infancy and the subsequent development of atopic manifestations and sensitisation. METHODS The faeces of 957 infants aged 1 month and participating in the(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Parvovirus B19 infections acquired during pregnancy may result in developmental disabilities of the foetus. This study evaluates the occupational risk of these infections in female day care personnel. IgG seroprevalence was determined in 310 Dutch day care workers and 158 nursing school students. CMV seroprevalence was age-related,(More)
Schistosoma mansoni was first reported in the area of Richard Toll (Senegal) in 1988 and spread rapidly in the community, after a series of human-engineered ecologic changes. A random population sample (n = 422) from Ndombo, a village near Richard-Toll, was studied in 1991 by stool examination (four Kato slides from two stool samples) and antigen detection(More)
BACKGROUND The Forkhead Box P3 (FOXP3) gene, located on the X-chromosome, encodes a transcription factor that directs T cells toward a regulatory phenotype. Regulatory T cells may suppress development of atopy. We evaluated whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of FOXP3 are associated with atopy development in childhood. METHODS Seven SNPs in(More)