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The thrombospondins (TSPs) are a growing family of cell surface and extracellular matrix molecules composed of multiple repeating elements. Thrombospondin 3 is a recently described member that possesses the calcium binding Type 3 repeats, has 4 epidermal growth factor receptor-like Type 2 repeats, a complete absence of the complement-like Type 1 repeats,(More)
Cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) profoundly affect endothelial cell function, promoting for example interaction with leukocytes and inducing a procoagulant phenotype. Changes of this nature are likely to be central to the proinflammatory effects of TNF. In order to elucidate molecular mechanisms by which TNF alters endothelial cell(More)
B94 was originally described as a novel tumor necrosis factor-alpha-inducible primary response gene in endothelial cells which was also induced in an in vitro model of angiogenesis. To further characterize its expression, we cloned the mouse homologue and mapped its developmental and tissue specific expression. The predicted amino acid sequence of mouse B94(More)
Marrow stromal cells mediate the effect of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on formation of osteoclast-like cells from undifferentiated hematopoetic precursors in bone marrow. Induction by the vitamin D hormone of multinucleated, calcitonin receptor- and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive cells in primary mouse bone marrow culture can be modulated by(More)
The diverse and occasionally conflicting properties described for the extracellular, cell surface-associated protein thrombospondin (TSP) have raised the possibility that functionally distinct forms of the protein exist in the same organism. We have isolated and characterized a partial cDNA clone for mouse TSP that is clearly homologous to, but distinct(More)
Thrombospondin (TSP) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein whose expression has been associated with a variety of cellular processes including growth and embryogenesis. The recent discovery of the existence of a second mouse TSP gene necessitates careful examination of the discrete biochemical and functional properties associated with each molecule. In(More)
TNF is a proinflammatory cytokine that has pleiotropic effects on cells and tissues, mediated in large part by alterations in target tissue gene expression. We have used the technique of differential hybridization to identify several primary response genes induced by TNF in human umbilical vein endothelial (HUVE) cells, a cell type that is profoundly(More)
The response of endothelial cells to the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) is complex, involving the induction and suppression of multiple genes and gene products. Differential screening of a TNF-stimulated, cycloheximide-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cell library has resulted in the cloning of several novel cDNAs whose protein products(More)
Thrombospondin (THBS1) is a large modular glycoprotein component of the extracellular matrix and contains a variety of distinct domains, including three repeating subunits (types I, II, and III) that share homology to an assortment of other proteins. Determination of THBS1 gene structure has revealed that the type I repeat modules are encoded by symmetrical(More)