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A strained aza-dibenzocyclooctyne was prepared via a high-yielding synthetic route. Copper-free, strain-promoted click reaction with azides showed excellent kinetics, and a functionalised aza-cyclooctyne was applied in fast and efficient PEGylation of enzymes.
The advent of chemical biology tools for imaging and tracking of biomolecules (proteins, lipids, glycans) in their native environment is providing unique insights into cellular processes that are not achievable with traditional biochemical or molecular biology tools.  Bioorthogonal labeling of biomol-ecules has proven particularly useful for the… (More)
Covalently bound azide on a (small) organic molecule or a (large) biomolecular structure has proven an important handle for bioconjugation. Azides are readily introduced, small, and stable, yet undergo smooth ligation with a range of reactive probes under mild conditions. In particular, the potential of azides to undergo metal-free reactions with strained… (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) is a key regulator of hepatic fat oxidation that serves as an energy source during starvation. Vanin-1 has been described as a putative PPARα target gene in liver, but its function in hepatic lipid metabolism is unknown. METHODS We investigated the regulation of vanin-1, and total… (More)
[structure: see text] An expedient, high-yielding synthesis of two types of triazole-linked glycopeptides is described. These novel and stable glycopeptide mimics were prepared via Cu(I)-catalyzed [3 + 2] cycloaddition of either azide-functionalized glycosides and acetylenic amino acids or acetylenic glycosides and azide-containing amino acids.
The structural complexity of molecules isolated from biological sources has always served as an inspiration for organic chemists. Since the first synthesis of a natural product, urea, chemists have been challenged to prepare exact copies of natural structures in the laboratory. As a result, a broad repertoire of synthetic transformations has been developed… (More)
Peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) enzymes catalyze the conversion of arginine residues in proteins to citrulline residues. Citrulline is a non-standard amino acid that is not incorporated in proteins during translation, but can be generated post-translationally by the PAD enzymes. Although the existence of citrulline residues in proteins has been known for a… (More)
SABRE hyperpolarizes substrates by polarization transfer from para-hydrogen in a metal complex. We have measured the signal enhancement of pyridine and its exchange rate in various [Ir(NHC)(Py)3(H)2](+) complexes to gain insight into their dependence on the N-Heterocyclic Carbene (NHC) ligand's steric and electronic properties.
This article provides an overview of the literature concerning synthetic applications of unsaturated aliphatic amino acids in the period May 2000 to December 2004.