Floris Fransen

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Helminths and their products can suppress the host immune response which may benefit parasite survival. Trichinella spiralis can establish chronic infections in a wide range of mammalian hosts including humans and mice. Here, we aim at studying the effect of T. spiralis muscle larvae excretory/secretory products (TspES) on the functionality of DC and T cell(More)
Autotransporters constitute a relatively simple secretion system in Gram-negative bacteria, depending for their translocation across the outer membrane only on a C-terminal translocator domain. We have studied a novel autotransporter serine protease, designated NalP, from Neisseria meningitidis strain H44/76, featuring a lipoprotein motif at the signal(More)
Neisseria meningitidis and Bordetella pertussis are Gram-negative bacterial pathogens that can cause serious diseases in humans. N. meningitidis outer membrane vesicle (OMV) vaccines and whole cell pertussis vaccines have been successfully used in humans to control infections with these pathogens. The mechanisms behind their effectiveness are poorly(More)
Neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of bacterial meningitis and sepsis worldwide. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a major component of the Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane, is sensed by mammalian cells through Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), resulting in activation of proinflammatory cytokine pathways. TLR4 recognizes the lipid A moiety of the LPS(More)
The bacterium Neisseria meningitidis is the causative agent of meningitis and sepsis. A generally effective vaccine against N. meningitidis serogroup B is not yet available, but outer membrane vesicle vaccines are in development. These vaccines contain lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The inclusion of N. meningitidis wild-type LPS in a vaccine is controversial(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is one of the main constituents of the Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane. Besides being an endotoxin, LPS also possesses a powerful adjuvant activity. Previously, it has been shown that changes in the chemical composition of the lipid A domain of LPS modulate its biological activity. For example, monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL)(More)
BACKGROUND Meningococci produce a penta-acylated instead of hexa-acylated lipid A when their lpxL1 gene is inactivated. Meningococcal strains with such lipid A endotoxin variants have been found previously in adult meningitis patients, where they caused less blood coagulopathy because of decreased TLR4 activation. METHODS A cohort of 448 isolates from(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major component of the Neisseria meningitidis outer membrane. Here we report a patient with meningococcal meningitis of which the causative isolate lacked LPS. Thus far, no naturally occurring LPS-deficient meningococcal isolate has been known to cause clinical disease. METHODS We used SDS-PAGE, silver staining and(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a major component of the meningococcal outer membrane, is sensed by the host through activation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Recently, we demonstrated that a surprisingly large fraction of Neisseria meningitidis disease isolates are lipid A mutants, due to inactivating mutations in the lpxL1 gene. The lpxL1 mutants activate(More)
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