Floriano Girotti

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Clinical diagnosis of olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) must be confirmed by radiologic demonstration of atrophy in an appropriate distribution. OPCA may be associated with degeneration of other systems in multisystem atrophy (MSA). The authors report 23 cases of OPCA, eight of which were associated with MSA. Atrophy involved the cerebellum, pons, and(More)
Twenty-one Parkinsonian patients were tested in on and off phases during chronic levodopa therapy for cognitive function, affective status, and evaluation of motor performance with reaction and movement times. A worsening of mood was observed from the on to the off phase. No variation in cognitive performance was observed from the on to the off phase in(More)
High field intensity MRI may demonstrate signal abnormalities consistent with deposits of iron or other paramagnetic substances in several extrapyramidal disorders. Hallervorden-Spatz disease was the only disorder widely known to have iron deposits in the pallidum, that are now easily demonstrated in vivo by MRI. However, lower field intensity MRI may also(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify cognitive and MRI features important for the clinical diagnosis of corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP); these diseases share several clinical features and are often difficult to distinguish on clinical grounds. METHODS Cognitive functions and MRI characteristics were examined in 16 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sympathetic hyperactivity is a contributing cause of vascular disorders because it increases blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood lipids. Pervasive compromise of the central and peripheral autonomic nervous systems is common in idiopathic Parkinson disease (IPD) resulting in reduced sympathetic and parasympathetic function. We(More)
Alexander disease (AD) in its typical form is an infantile lethal leucodystrophy, characterized pathologically by Rosenthal fibre accumulation. Following the identification of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene as the causative gene, cases of adult-onset AD (AOAD) are being described with increasing frequency. AOAD has a different clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD), postmortem studies show different topographic involvement of the thalamus, basal ganglia, and their cortical connections. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is an MR imaging technique sensitive to gray and white matter microstructure integrity. This study was(More)
OBJECTIVES Impairment of executive function is frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD), striatonigral degeneration-type multisystem atrophy (SND), and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP); sometimes frank dementia is also present. However, the progression of cognitive decline has not been adequately studied. The objectives were to delineate the progression of(More)
The saccades of 22 patients with lesions of the left (6) and right (16) hemisphere were analysed. Seven patients with a right hemispheric lesion presented a left unilateral neglect (UN) syndrome. In the first test session the saccades were performed in response to a predicted sequence of targets; in the second session the luminous stimuli were unpredicted(More)