Florian Vogt

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OBJECTIVE To estimate the proportion of general practitioners (GPs) and family physicians (FPs) with negative beliefs and attitudes towards discussing smoking cessation with patients. METHODS A systematic review. STUDY SELECTION All studies published in English, in peer-reviewed journals, which allowed the extraction of the proportion of GPs and FPs(More)
BACKGROUND Financial incentives appear to be effective in promoting smoking cessation in pregnancy. The mechanisms by which they might operate however, are poorly understood. The present study examines how financial incentives for smoking cessation during pregnancy may work, by exploring pregnant women’s experiences of trying to stop smoking, within and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate three theory-based interventions aimed at increasing the rate at which primary care physicians recommend smoking cessation services to smokers. DESIGN Primary care physicians (n = 251) were randomized to one of four conditions: (a) information based on social cognitive theory (SCT) targeting outcome expectations, (b) information(More)
OBJECTIVES Uncertainty remains about whether personal financial incentives could achieve sustained changes in health-related behaviors that would reduce the fast-growing global non-communicable disease burden. This review aims to estimate whether: i. financial incentives achieve sustained changes in smoking, eating, alcohol consumption and physical(More)
OBJECTIVE This article delineates theory-based determinants of the low use of behavioral stop-smoking support with a view to inform interventions to address the low use. METHODS Study 1 comprised interviews with 27 smokers recruited from a primary care centre in England. Study 2 used a nationwide sample of 212 smokers who completed a questionnaire(More)
BACKGROUND General practitioners' (GPs) negative beliefs about smoking cessation services may act as barriers to them recommending such services to smokers motivated to stop smoking. METHODS In Study 1, 25 GPs from 16 practices across London were interviewed in this qualitative study. Framework analysis was used to identify key themes in GPs' beliefs(More)
Smokers' expected outcomes of using nicotine dependence medications may act as barriers to their use. In Study 1, 27 smokers were interviewed. Framework analysis was used to identify key themes in smokers' expectations of using nicotine dependence medications. In Study 2, a convenience sample of 212 smokers completed a survey. Multiple regression and(More)
BACKGROUND General practitioners' (GPs) negative beliefs about nicotine dependence medications may act as barriers to prescribing them. METHODS Study1: Twenty-five GPs from 16 practices across London were interviewed in this qualitative study. Framework analysis was used to identify key themes. Study 2: A convenience sample of 367 GPs completed an(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacological treatments for tobacco dependence, such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), have been shown to be safe and effective interventions for smoking cessation. Higher levels of adherence to these medications increase the likelihood of sustained smoking cessation, but many smokers use them at a lower dose and for less time than is(More)
BACKGROUND Although practice nurses play an important role in implementing smoking cessation strategies in primary care, relatively little is known of their attitudes and beliefs about giving smoking cessation advice. OBJECTIVES To describe practice nurses' attitudes towards giving smoking cessation advice. METHODS 152 of 200 (76%) practice nurses(More)