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SUMMARY Optical backhaul downlinks from high-altitude platforms (HAPs) are investigated. An experiment demonstrated the advantages of optical links: a small and lightweight terminal with low power consumption was launched to the stratosphere and data transmitted down to a ground station at a rate of 1:25 Gbit=s: Owing to the chosen system parameters and the(More)
Starburst dendrimers are novel, water-soluble polymeric materials, with a well-defined composition and structure. In our application, we used dendrimers composed of poly(amidoamine) groups to which we coupled several specific antibodies, to investigate potential formats based on radial partition immunoassay. The coupled antibodies have retained their(More)
Space-to-ground optical data links enable higher data rates, require less electrical power, and allow more compact system designs than their corresponding RF counterparts. They may be applied to, for example, downlink Earth observation data from low Earth orbit satellites, or as so-called feeder links for data transmission to geostationary telecommunication(More)
Some current and future airborne payloads like high resolution cameras and radar systems need high channel capacity to transmit their data from air to ground in near real-time. Especially in reconnaissance and surveillance missions, it is important to downlink huge amount of data in very short contact times to a ground station during a flyby. Aeronautical(More)
Optical clock technology is very certain to be integrated in the next high precision time standards. The demand for higher accuracy in time synchronization makes the use of free-space optical links necessary for frequency dissemination, especially if mobile partners are involved. These links are the most suitable solution in order to disseminate high(More)
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