Florian Maier

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PURPOSE Several methods in MRI use the phase information of the complex signal and require phase unwrapping (e.g., B0 field mapping, chemical shift imaging, and velocity measurements). In this work, an algorithm was developed focusing on the needs and requirements of MR temperature imaging applications. METHODS The proposed method performs fully automatic(More)
PURPOSE To assess the feasibility of automatic needle-guide tracking by using a real-time phase-only cross correlation ( POCC phase-only cross correlation ) algorithm-based sequence for transrectal 3-T in-bore magnetic resonance (MR)-guided prostate biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the ethics review board, and written informed(More)
The lateral resolution of a surface sensitive low-energy electron microscope (LEEM) has been improved below 4 nm for the first time. This breakthrough has only been possible by simultaneously correcting the unavoidable spherical and chromatic aberrations of the lens system. We present an experimental criterion to quantify the aberration correction and to(More)
To develop an intravascular catheter with ferromagnetic components that is navigated with MR gradient forces and imaged with dedicated MR sequences in real time. The orientation of a device with ferromagnetic components can be controlled by gradient forces. In this work, a 3D input device for interactive real-time control of the force gradient was combined(More)
PURPOSE A generalised polynomial chaos (gPC) method is used to incorporate constitutive parameter uncertainties within the Pennes representation of bioheat transfer phenomena. The stochastic temperature predictions of the mathematical model are critically evaluated against MR thermometry data for planning MR-guided laser-induced thermal therapies (MRgLITT).(More)
High-resolution x-ray absorption and emission spectra of liquid water exhibit a strong isotope effect. Further, the emission spectra show a splitting of the 1b1 emission line, a weak temperature effect, and a pronounced excitation-energy dependence. They can be described as a superposition of two independent contributions. By comparing with gas phase, ice,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate a novel imaging sequence termed crushed rephased orthogonal slice selection (CROSS) that uses the available time in long echo time (TE) gradient echo (GRE) imaging-as employed for proton resonance frequency (PRF) shift thermometry-to simultaneously acquire two orthogonal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) temperature maps around the target(More)
The isotope effect and excitation-energy dependence have been measured in the oxygen K-edge x-ray emission spectrum (XES). The use of XES to monitor core decay processes provides information about molecular dynamics (MD) on an ultrafast time scale through the O1s lifetime of a few femtoseconds. Different nuclear masses give rise to differences in the(More)
In this paper we present a new method for fully automatic liver segmentation in computed tomography images. First, an initial set of seed points for the random walker algorithm is created. In this context, voxels belonging to air, fat tissue and ribcage are labeled as background. Furthermore, depending on the shape of the ribcage and voxel intensities,(More)
PURPOSE Focused ultrasound surgery (FUS) is a highly precise noninvasive procedure to ablate pathogenic tissue. FUS therapy is often combined with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging as MR imaging offers excellent target identification and allows for continuous monitoring of FUS induced temperature changes. As the dimensions of the ultrasound (US) focus are(More)