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Overexpression of epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) is correlated with a poor prognosis and reduced steroid receptor expression. Recently, it was demonstrated that the length of a CA repeat in the intron 1 of EGFR correlated with the expression of EGFR in vitro. We investigated 112 cases of cancerous and noncancerous breast tumor samples for loss of(More)
The influence of a highly polymorphic CA dinucleotide repeat in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene on transcription was examined with a quantitative nuclear run-off method. We could demonstrate that transcription of the EGFR gene is inhibited by approximately 80% in alleles with 21 CA repeats. In experiments with polymerase chain reaction(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a crucial role in growth, differentiation and motility of normal as well as tumor cells. The transduction of extracellular signals to the cytoplasm via the receptor not only depends on ligand binding, but is also determined by the receptor density on the cell surface. Therefore, with regard to cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is a popular technique for mRNA expression studies. Normalization to an endogenous reference transcript (housekeeper) is widely used to correct for differences in loading and RNA quality. Alzheimer's disease (AD) alters brain metabolism. The stability of housekeeper(More)
Monocytes play a major role in the cellular defence against Aspergillus fumigatus in immunocompromised patients. To obtain a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in this interaction, phagocytosis and gene expression profiling of human monocytes was carried out after incubation with A. fumigatus resting, swollen and germinating conidia and hyphae(More)
A characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is that neuron populations in the temporal, frontal, and parietal cortices are selectively vulnerable. Several neurotransmitters have been proposed to play roles in neural destruction as AD progresses, including glutamate. Failure to clear the synaptic cleft of glutamate can overstimulate postsynaptic glutamate(More)
We established an RT-PCR method to measure the amount of a 2.3-kb alternatively spliced mRNA of the human c-erbB-2/HER-2 proto-oncogene relative to the 4.6-kb full-length transcript. For the first time, we demonstrated production of c-erbB-2 extracellular domains via alternative splicing in breast cancer tissues, lymph node and bone marrow micrometastases.(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a crucial role in growth, differentiation and motility of normal as well as tumor cells. The transduction of extracellular signals to the cytoplasm via the receptor not only depends on ligand binding, but is also determined by the receptor density on the cell surface. Therefore, in terms of cancer diagnosis(More)
Fluorescence-based PCR techniques are becoming an increasingly popular method for measuring low-abundance alternatively spliced mRNA transcripts. The dynamic range of real-time RT-PCR affords high sensitivity for the measurement of gene expression, but this mandates the need for strict controls to ensure assay validity. Primer design, reverse transcription,(More)
The glial transporter excitatory amino acid transporter-2 (EAAT2) is the main mediator of glutamate clearance in brain. The wild-type transporter (EAAT2wt) forms trimeric membrane complexes in which each protomer functions autonomously. Several EAAT2 variants are found in control and Alzheimer-diseased human brains; their expression increases with(More)