Florian Kulzer

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We review recent developments in single-molecule spectroscopy and microscopy. New optical methods provide access to the absorption, emission, or excitation spectra of single nano-objects and can determine either the positions of these objects with subwavelength accuracy or the full three-dimensional orientation of their transition dipole moments. Recent(More)
Single nano-objects display strong fluctuations of their fluorescence signals. These random and irreproducible variations must be subject to statistical analysis to provide microscopic information. We review the main evaluation methods used so far by experimentalists in the field of single-molecule spectroscopy: time traces, correlation functions,(More)
The active steering of the pathways taken by chemical reactions and the optimization of energy conversion processes provide striking examples of the coherent control of quantum interference through the use of shaped laser pulses. Experimentally, coherence is usually established by synchronizing a subset of molecules in an ensemble with ultra-short laser(More)
We demonstrate a novel technique to achieve fast thermal cycles of a small sample (a few femtoliters). Modulating a continuous near-infrared laser focused on a metal film, we can drive the local temperature from 130 to 300 K and back, within a few microseconds. By fluorescence microscopy of dyes in a thin glycerol film, we record images of the hot spot,(More)
An artificial light-harvesting dendrimer showing highly efficient electronic excitation energy transfer from four peripheral donors to one central acceptor has been investigated by single-molecule spectroscopy at low temperatures. Confocal imaging in combination with frequency selective excitation spectroscopy gives direct access to energy transfer rates of(More)
We probe the rotational diffusion of a perylene dye in supercooled glycerol, 5-25 K above the glass-transition temperature (T(g) = 190 K) at the ensemble and the single-molecule level. The single-molecule results point to a broad distribution of local viscosities that vary by a factor of five or more for different individual fluorophores at a given(More)
We probe the mechanical response of two supercooled liquids, glycerol and ortho-terphenyl, by conducting rheological experiments at very weak stresses. We find a complex fluid behavior suggesting the gradual emergence of an extended, delicate solid-like network in both materials in the supercooled state-i.e., above the glass transition. This network(More)
The optical signals of single molecules provide information about structure and dynamics of their nanoscale environment, free from space and time averaging. These new data are particularly useful whenever complex structures or dynamics are present, as in polymers or in porous oxides, but also in many other classes of materials, where heterogeneity is less(More)
As Facebook's Like-button has become ubiquitous, it is the purpose of this research to investigate (1) whether Likes serve as a signal of a product's or service's quality and (2) how the introduction of a Dislike-button would alter perceptions. Following a qualitative study, we conducted an experiment in which 653 participants were presented with website(More)
We use photothermal microscopy to detect and image individual gold nanoparticles that are either embedded in a polymer film or immobilized in an aqueous environment. Reducing the numerical aperture of the detection optics allows us to achieve a 200-fold-enlarged detection volume while still retaining sufficient detectivity. We characterize the capabilities(More)
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