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| The RIPE NCC has been active in the eld of active measurements for the last 4 years. As a research project, it has implemented the IETF RFC's 2679 1] and 2680 2] on One Way Delay and Loss Measurements in a device called a \test-box". This device is described in this paper. As the RIPE NCC is a service organization for Internet Service Providers (ISP's),(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an outer-membrane component of Gram-negative bacteria, interacts with LPS-binding protein and CD14, which present LPS to toll-like receptor 4 (refs 1, 2), which activates inflammatory gene expression through nuclear factor kappa B (NF kappa B) and mitogen-activated protein-kinase signalling. Antibacterial defence involves(More)
The transcription factor Nrf2 is a key regulator of the cellular stress response, and pharmacological Nrf2 activation is a promising strategy for skin protection and cancer prevention. We show here that prolonged Nrf2 activation in keratinocytes causes sebaceous gland enlargement and seborrhea in mice due to upregulation of the growth factor epigen, which(More)
Information about subscriptions and ASH membership may be found online at: digital object identifier (DOIs) and date of initial publication. the indexed by PubMed from initial publication. Citations to Advance online articles must include final publication). Advance online articles are citable and establish publication priority; they are appeared in the(More)
Cellular senescence of normal human cells has by now far exceeded its initial role as a model system for aging research. Many reports show the accumulation of senescent cells in vivo, their effect on their microenvironment and its double-edged role as tumour suppressor and promoter. Importantly, removal of senescent cells delays the onset of age-associated(More)
BACKGROUND Defects in keratinocyte differentiation and skin barrier are important features of inflammatory skin diseases like atopic dermatitis. Mast cells and their main mediator histamine are abundant in inflamed skin and thus may contribute to disease pathogenesis. METHODS Human primary keratinocytes were cultured under differentiation-promoting(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial cells comprise a key component of the inflammatory response. We set out to obtain a comprehensive overview of the immediate-early to early gene expression program of interleukin-1 (IL-1)-stimulated endothelial cells and to identify novel transcription factors and regulatory elements. METHODS AND RESULTS Human umbilical vein(More)
Epidermal keratinocytes (KCs) express antimicrobial peptides as a part of the innate immune response. It has recently been shown that the culture supernatant of Escherichia coli induces the expression of S100A7c (psoriasin) in KCs and that S100A7c efficiently kills E. coli. Here we have investigated which of the microbial components triggers the(More)
We previously showed that, when peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were stressed with ionizing radiation, they released paracrine factors that showed regenerative capacity in vitro and in vivo. This study aimed to characterize the secretome of PBMCs and to investigate its biologically active components in vitro and vivo. Bioinformatics analysis(More)