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Maximum joint range of motion is an important parameter influencing functional performance and musculoskeletal injury risk. Nonetheless, a complete description of the muscle architectural and tendon changes that occur during stretch and the factors influencing maximum range of motion is lacking. We measured muscle-tendon elongation and fascicle lengthening(More)
The authors examined the movement patterns of 5 left-handed handball players (ranging from beginner to national level) who threw a handball to different sections of a goal as if a goalkeeper were present. The authors used time-continuous, 3-dimensional kinematic data to assess interindividual movement patterns and considered participants' intraindividual(More)
Research suggests an external focus of attention positively affects motor learning more than an internal focus; however, little research has considered this relationship in motor control situations. The present study examined the role of varying focus of attention conditions on dart throwing performance. Experts (n = 6) and novices (n = 6) performed 84(More)
Agonist-mediated reciprocal inhibition (RI) in distal skeletal muscles is an important neurophysiological phenomenon leading to improved movement coordination and efficiency. It has been shown to be reduced in aged and clinical populations, so the development of interventions augmenting RI is an important research goal. We examined the efficacy of using(More)
The muscle-tendon moment arm is an important input parameter for musculoskeletal models. Moment arms change as a function of joint angle and contraction state and depend on the method being employed. The overall purpose was to gain insights into the interactive effects of joint angle, contraction state and method on the Achilles tendon moment arm using the(More)
Muscle-tendon moment arm magnitudes are essential variables for accurately calculating muscle forces from joint moments. Their measurement requires specialist knowledge and expensive resources. Research has shown that the patellar tendon moment arm length is related to leg anthropometry in children. Here, we asked whether the Achilles tendon moment arm(More)
UNLABELLED Accurate estimates of tibialis anterior (TA) muscle force are important in many contexts. Two approaches commonly used to estimate moment arms are the tendon excursion (TE) and geometric (GEO) methods. Previous studies report poor agreement between the two approaches. PURPOSE The purposes of this study were to 1) assess the effect of(More)
43 Agonist-mediated reciprocal inhibition in distal skeletal muscles is an important 44 neurophysiological phenomenon leading to improved movement coordination and efficiency. 45 It has been shown to be reduced in aged and clinical populations, so the development of 46 interventions augmenting reciprocal inhibition is an important research goal. We examined(More)
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