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Owing to the lack of randomised controlled trials no standard of chemotherapy exists in the treatment of advanced biliary tract carcinoma. 5-fluorouracil or gemcitabine is recommended based on small and predominately phase II trials. The aim of this analysis was to analyse existing trials, even small and nonrandomised, and identify superior regimens.(More)
The chemotherapeutic oxaliplatin causes a sensory-motor neuropathy with predominantly hyperpathic symptoms. The mechanism underlying this hyperexcitability was investigated using rat sensory nerve preparations, dorsal root ganglia and hippocampal neurons. Oxaliplatin resulted in an increase of the amplitude and duration of compound action potentials. It(More)
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death. Despite the advances of the molecular pathogenesis, pancreatic cancer remains a major unsolved health problem. Overall, the 5-year survival rate is < 5% and only approximately 20% of the 10% of patients with resectable disease survive 5 years. Recently, the European Study Group for(More)
INTRODUCTION Oxaliplatin has been proven antitumoral activity in numerous clinical trials. Peripheral sensory neuropathy with predominantly hyperpathic symptoms induced by cold is the most severe and dose-limiting toxicity resulting from oxaliplatin therapy. We demonstrated that oxaliplatin alters sodium channel kinetics on sensory neurons. This effect(More)
UNLABELLED We have determined the ability of PET with the thymidine analog 3'-deoxy-3'-(18)F-fluorothymidine (FLT) to detect pancreatic cancer and to differentiate malignant from benign pancreatic lesions. METHODS In this prospective study, (18)F-FLT PET was performed on 31 patients with undefined pancreatic lesions. Routine diagnostic procedures included(More)
OBJECTIVE Volume depletion and/or increased hematocrit are associated with poor prognosis in necrotizing pancreatitis. Several studies suggest that intrathoracic blood volume index (ITBI) might be superior to central venous pressure (CVP) with regard to preload assessment. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the predictive value of CVP and(More)
Oxaliplatin plays a key role in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. The dose-limiting side effect of this platinum analogue is neurotoxicity. Significant efforts have been undertaken in an attempt to prevent and/or circumvent the development of neurotoxicity. Sodium channel inactivation kinetics on rat sensory sural nerve preparations are altered(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS New perspectives in the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinomas have recently been inaugurated with the application of hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors i.e. pravastatin, the somatostatin analogue octreotide, or the cytidine analogue gemcitabine. The present study aimed to evaluate these substances in patients(More)
OBJECTIVES No effective chemotherapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) exists. Expression of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) has been demonstrated in HCC, which may derive from hepatic stem cells that express c-kit. The aim of this trial was to evaluate imatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of PDGFR and c-kit, in patients with(More)