Florian Demetz

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To test the hypothesis of whether strenuous physical exercise inhibits neutrophils that can get activated by hypobaric hypoxia, we analyzed the effects of both high altitude and strenuous exercise alone and in combination on potentially cytotoxic functions of granulocytes in healthy volunteers (n = 12 men; average age 27.6 yr; range 24-38 yr). To this end,(More)
The effects of physical exercise stress on the endocannabinoid system in humans are almost unexplored. In this prospective study, we investigated in a crossover design and under field conditions at different altitudes the effects of physical exercise on the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in 12 trained healthy volunteers. For determination of alterations on(More)
Emergency medicine is characterized by rapid decision making to help patients in life-threatening situations. Teaching these skills requires a high level of interaction between medical students and the lecturer. We designed, implemented, and evaluated a generic computer-based training (CBT) system to provide a more active way of learning emergency medicine.(More)
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS A prospective randomised study on 70 volunteers without previous first aid education (42 males, 28 females, mean age 17) was performed to compare mouth-to-mouth ventilation (MMV, n = 24) versus mouth-to-pocket-mask ventilation (MPV, n = 25) and mouth-to-face-shield ventilation (MFV, n =21), and to evaluate if an instruction period of(More)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the mountains usually has to be performed under difficult and hostile circumstances and sometimes for extended periods of time. Therefore, mountain rescuers should have the ability and the appropriate equipment to perform prolonged, efficient, and safe ventilation. Members of the International Commission for Mountain(More)
BACKGROUND Retention of mouth-to-mouth, mouth-to-mask and mouth-to-face shield ventilation techniques is poorly understood. METHODS A prospective randomised clinical trial was undertaken in January 2004 in 70 candidates randomly assigned to training in mouth-to-mouth, mouth-to-mask or mouth-to-face shield ventilation. Each candidate was trained for 10(More)
A combined primed in situ labelling (PRINS)/4',6-diamino-2-phenylindole (DAPI)/propidium iodide (PI)-fluorescence-banding method was used to characterise telomeres, identify their specific chromosomes and visualise neighbouring heterochromatin in 25 artificial insemination (AI) bulls. A highly heterogeneous telomere length pattern was found in cattle. Each(More)
The role of microvascular fluid shifts in the adaptation to hypobaric hypoxia and its contribution to the pathophysiology of AMS (acute mountain sickness) is unresolved. In a systematic prospective study, we investigated the effects of hypobaric hypoxia and physical exercise alone, and in combination, on microvascular fluid exchange and related factors. We(More)
The objective of this study was to examine microvascular perfusion during hypobaric hypoxia and physical exercise. We used orthogonal polarization spectral imaging for the non-invasive visualization and assessment of the sublingual mucosal microcirculation in twelve healthy altitude acclimatized mountaineers. Red blood cell velocity (RCV), microvascular(More)
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