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The inability to imitate gestures is an essential feature of apraxia. However, discrepancies exist between clinical studies in apraxic patients and neuroimaging findings on imitation. We therefore aimed to investigate: (1) which areas are recruited during imitation under conditions similar to clinical tests for apraxic deficits; (2) whether there are common(More)
There is accumulating evidence suggesting that the visual representation of facial affect is closely linked to its motor representation. To examine whether perception of pleasant facial affect involves neural circuitries associated with its production, we performed an fMRI experiment with 'compressed image acquisition' where subjects smiled and observed(More)
OBJECTIVE To study with fMRI the pattern of sensorimotor activation in patients with spasmodic dysphonia (laryngeal dystonia) compared to healthy controls. METHODS The authors performed fMRI measurements during vocal motor tasks in 12 patients with laryngeal dystonia and compared them with those of 12 healthy volunteers. Patients were scanned before (pre)(More)
The pathophysiology of idiopathic focal hand dystonia (writer's cramp) is characterized by deficient inhibitory basal ganglia function and altered cortical sensorimotor processing. To explore if this is already a primary finding in dystonia for internal movement simulation independent of dystonic motor output or abnormal sensory input, we investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Embouchure dystonia is a focal task-specific dystonia affecting the complex interplay of lower facial, jaw, and tongue muscles in musicians playing brass or woodwind instruments. Although it is highly disabling for affected patients, little is known about the pathophysiologic basis of this rare movement disorder. METHODS We therefore studied(More)
Previous studies showed cortical dysfunction and impaired sensorimotor integration in primary generalized and focal hand dystonia. We used a whistling task and silent event-related fMRI to investigate functional changes in patients with blepharospasm and patients with a combination of blepharospasm and oromandibular dystonia (Meige's syndrome). Whistling(More)
Whistling serves as a model for a skilful coordinated orofacial movement with sensorimotor integration of auditory and proprioceptive input. The neural substrate of whistling was investigated by sparse sampling functional MRI (fMRI) where the motor task occurred during a silent interval between successive image acquisitions to minimize task-related imaging(More)
Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is a rare autosomal-recessively inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in NPC1 (95%) or NPC2. Given the highly variable phenotype, diagnosis is challenging and particularly late-onset forms with predominantly neuropsychiatric presentations are likely underdiagnosed. Pathophysiologically, genetic(More)