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INTRODUCTION Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) and volume loading (VL) are standard blood-sparing procedures. However, VL is associated with hypervolemia, which may cause tissue edema, cardiopulmonary complications and a prolonged hospital stay. The body reacts to hypervolemia with release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) from the heart. ANP has been(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the most common and distressing complications after general anesthesia and surgery, with young non-smoking females receiving postoperative opioids being high-risk patients. This register-based study aims to evaluate the effect of low-dose haloperidol (0.5 mg intravenously) directly after(More)
USCOM is an ultrasound-based method which has been accepted for noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring in various clinical conditions (USCOM, Ultrasonic cardiac output monitoring). The present study aimed at comparing the accuracy of the USCOM device with that of the thermodilution technique in patients with septicemia. We conducted a prospective observational(More)
We are reporting the case of a female patient who had to undergo splenectomy after she suffered splenic rupture as a result from "kinetic therapy" during the treatment for pulmonary failure secondary to sepsis. Four years later the patient was again admitted with a clinical picture consistent with sepsis. Two blood cultures were positive for pneumococci(More)
BACKGROUND Strategies targeting the protection of the vascular barrier, in particular the endothelial glycocalyx, are subjects of current research. Antithrombin III and hydrocortisone have been shown to reduce shedding of the glycocalyx following ischaemia/reperfusion. Platelet adhesion to endothelial cells is one consequence of ischaemia/reperfusion. (More)
BACKGROUND Transfusion of allogeneic blood influences outcome after surgery. Despite widespread availability of transfusion guidelines, transfusion practices might vary among physicians, departments, hospitals and countries. Our aim was to determine the amount of packed red blood cells (pRBC) and blood products transfused intraoperatively, and to describe(More)
OBJECTIVE Perturbation of the endothelial glycocalyx is discussed in the pathogenesis of complications related to cardiopulmonary bypass. We evaluated the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on the microcirculation and the microvascular endothelial glycocalyx of infants undergoing surgery for congenital cardiac defects. METHODS The microcirculation was(More)
BACKGROUND There is no doubt today about the existence of the endothelial glycocalyx (EG) and its decisive role in maintaining vascular homeostasis in adult humans. Shedding of the EG has been demonstrated in adults with sepsis or trauma, in patients undergoing major operations, and after ischemia/reperfusion. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate(More)
Eine 49-jährige Patientin stellte sich mit einem diffusen Beschwerdebild mit Polydipsie, seit Wochen zunehmender Müdigkeit und unspezifischen abdominellen Schmerzen vor. Bei Kalzium im Serum von 5,30 mmol/l (RB: 2,00–2,60), Parathormon von > 2500,0 ng/l (RB: 15,0–68,0) und einer mediastinalen Raumforderung wurde die Diagnose einer hyperkalzämischen Krise(More)
We are presenting the case of a 76-year-old female scheduled for major abdominal surgery. Her past medical history was remarkable for a three-vessel coronary artery disease, with a severely impaired left ventricular function. She had already undergone complex coronary artery bypass surgery. Currently, she presented with the rare constellation of a(More)